Strongly coupled, low noise DC-SQUID amplifiers

J. Pleikies

    Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

    89 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The dc Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (dc-SQUID) is one of the most sensitive magnetic field sensors available. In this thesis we concentrate on its application as an amplifier. In this configuration, an input circuit of interest can be connected by means of a coupling coil. The intended application of our developed low-Tc SQUID amplifiers is the readout of the first spherical gravitational wave antenna MiniGRAIL. Using small-signal analysis as well as numerical simulations, we study the achievable signal-to-noise ratio of such sensors in practical measurements. Published theories and studies could be extended. Some interesting points treated are the influence of the often used negative feedback (flux-locked loop), an altered input impedance of the SQUID amplifier and the influence of back-action noise, which directly affects the object of interest. The altered operation of the SQUID due to the presence of the input circuit is studied in numerical experiments. Another important issue, the influence of integrated input coils on the dynamics of SQUIDs, is investigated theoretically and experimentally. The performance of our developed sensors is compared to numerical simulations on detailed models. The results give insights into the behavior, design and usage of dc-SQUIDs with integrated coils. For a SQUID with input inductances of 1.5 μH we reached a good coupled energy sensitivity of about 170 ¯h in a dilution refrigerator. Furthermore, we investigated the hot-electron effect. This effect typically limits the sensitivity of superconducting electronics at sub-Kelvin bath temperatures due to a weakened electron-phonon coupling. We performed heating experiments on thin-film resistors which are similar to the shunt resistors of the Josephson junctions used in our sensors. The suppression of the hot-electron effect via electronic thermal transport to attached cooling fins is investigated both experimentally, theoretically and numerically. The numerical technique turns out to be a useful tool for the thermal design of superconducting electronics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Awarding Institution
    • University of Twente
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Rogalla, Horst, Supervisor
    • Flokstra, J., Supervisor
    Award date10 Jun 2009
    Place of PublicationEnschede
    Publisher
    Print ISBNs978-90-365-2832-0
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2009

    Fingerprint

    low noise
    amplifiers
    direct current
    coils
    sensors
    hot electrons
    resistors
    cooling fins
    electronics
    negative feedback
    signal analysis
    theses
    refrigerators
    shunts
    inductance
    gravitational waves
    dilution
    readout
    baths
    simulation

    Keywords

    • IR-61412

    Cite this

    Pleikies, J.. / Strongly coupled, low noise DC-SQUID amplifiers. Enschede : University of Twente, 2009. 150 p.
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    abstract = "The dc Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (dc-SQUID) is one of the most sensitive magnetic field sensors available. In this thesis we concentrate on its application as an amplifier. In this configuration, an input circuit of interest can be connected by means of a coupling coil. The intended application of our developed low-Tc SQUID amplifiers is the readout of the first spherical gravitational wave antenna MiniGRAIL. Using small-signal analysis as well as numerical simulations, we study the achievable signal-to-noise ratio of such sensors in practical measurements. Published theories and studies could be extended. Some interesting points treated are the influence of the often used negative feedback (flux-locked loop), an altered input impedance of the SQUID amplifier and the influence of back-action noise, which directly affects the object of interest. The altered operation of the SQUID due to the presence of the input circuit is studied in numerical experiments. Another important issue, the influence of integrated input coils on the dynamics of SQUIDs, is investigated theoretically and experimentally. The performance of our developed sensors is compared to numerical simulations on detailed models. The results give insights into the behavior, design and usage of dc-SQUIDs with integrated coils. For a SQUID with input inductances of 1.5 μH we reached a good coupled energy sensitivity of about 170 ¯h in a dilution refrigerator. Furthermore, we investigated the hot-electron effect. This effect typically limits the sensitivity of superconducting electronics at sub-Kelvin bath temperatures due to a weakened electron-phonon coupling. We performed heating experiments on thin-film resistors which are similar to the shunt resistors of the Josephson junctions used in our sensors. The suppression of the hot-electron effect via electronic thermal transport to attached cooling fins is investigated both experimentally, theoretically and numerically. The numerical technique turns out to be a useful tool for the thermal design of superconducting electronics.",
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    Strongly coupled, low noise DC-SQUID amplifiers. / Pleikies, J.

    Enschede : University of Twente, 2009. 150 p.

    Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

    TY - THES

    T1 - Strongly coupled, low noise DC-SQUID amplifiers

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    N2 - The dc Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (dc-SQUID) is one of the most sensitive magnetic field sensors available. In this thesis we concentrate on its application as an amplifier. In this configuration, an input circuit of interest can be connected by means of a coupling coil. The intended application of our developed low-Tc SQUID amplifiers is the readout of the first spherical gravitational wave antenna MiniGRAIL. Using small-signal analysis as well as numerical simulations, we study the achievable signal-to-noise ratio of such sensors in practical measurements. Published theories and studies could be extended. Some interesting points treated are the influence of the often used negative feedback (flux-locked loop), an altered input impedance of the SQUID amplifier and the influence of back-action noise, which directly affects the object of interest. The altered operation of the SQUID due to the presence of the input circuit is studied in numerical experiments. Another important issue, the influence of integrated input coils on the dynamics of SQUIDs, is investigated theoretically and experimentally. The performance of our developed sensors is compared to numerical simulations on detailed models. The results give insights into the behavior, design and usage of dc-SQUIDs with integrated coils. For a SQUID with input inductances of 1.5 μH we reached a good coupled energy sensitivity of about 170 ¯h in a dilution refrigerator. Furthermore, we investigated the hot-electron effect. This effect typically limits the sensitivity of superconducting electronics at sub-Kelvin bath temperatures due to a weakened electron-phonon coupling. We performed heating experiments on thin-film resistors which are similar to the shunt resistors of the Josephson junctions used in our sensors. The suppression of the hot-electron effect via electronic thermal transport to attached cooling fins is investigated both experimentally, theoretically and numerically. The numerical technique turns out to be a useful tool for the thermal design of superconducting electronics.

    AB - The dc Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (dc-SQUID) is one of the most sensitive magnetic field sensors available. In this thesis we concentrate on its application as an amplifier. In this configuration, an input circuit of interest can be connected by means of a coupling coil. The intended application of our developed low-Tc SQUID amplifiers is the readout of the first spherical gravitational wave antenna MiniGRAIL. Using small-signal analysis as well as numerical simulations, we study the achievable signal-to-noise ratio of such sensors in practical measurements. Published theories and studies could be extended. Some interesting points treated are the influence of the often used negative feedback (flux-locked loop), an altered input impedance of the SQUID amplifier and the influence of back-action noise, which directly affects the object of interest. The altered operation of the SQUID due to the presence of the input circuit is studied in numerical experiments. Another important issue, the influence of integrated input coils on the dynamics of SQUIDs, is investigated theoretically and experimentally. The performance of our developed sensors is compared to numerical simulations on detailed models. The results give insights into the behavior, design and usage of dc-SQUIDs with integrated coils. For a SQUID with input inductances of 1.5 μH we reached a good coupled energy sensitivity of about 170 ¯h in a dilution refrigerator. Furthermore, we investigated the hot-electron effect. This effect typically limits the sensitivity of superconducting electronics at sub-Kelvin bath temperatures due to a weakened electron-phonon coupling. We performed heating experiments on thin-film resistors which are similar to the shunt resistors of the Josephson junctions used in our sensors. The suppression of the hot-electron effect via electronic thermal transport to attached cooling fins is investigated both experimentally, theoretically and numerically. The numerical technique turns out to be a useful tool for the thermal design of superconducting electronics.

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    U2 - 10.3990/1.9789036528320

    DO - 10.3990/1.9789036528320

    M3 - PhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

    SN - 978-90-365-2832-0

    PB - University of Twente

    CY - Enschede

    ER -

    Pleikies J. Strongly coupled, low noise DC-SQUID amplifiers. Enschede: University of Twente, 2009. 150 p. https://doi.org/10.3990/1.9789036528320