Structural and electronic properties of Pt induced nanowires on Ge(110)

Lijie Zhang, Pantelis Bampoulis, A. Safaei, Henricus J.W. Zandvliet, Arie van Houselt

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Abstract

The structural and electronic properties of Pt induced nanowires on Ge(110) surfaces have been studied by scanning tunneling microscopy and low energy electron microscopy. The deposition of a sub-monolayer amount of Pt and subsequent annealing at 1100 (±30) K results into nanowires which are aligned along the densely packed [1–10] direction of the Ge(110) surface. With increasing Pt coverage the nanowires form densely packed arrays with separations of 1.1 ± 0.1 nm, 2.0 ± 0.1 nm and 3.4 ± 0.1 nm. Ge pentagons reside in the troughs for nanowire separations of 3.4 nm, however for smaller nanowire separations no pentagons are found. Spatially resolved scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements reveal a filled electronic state at −0.35 eV. This electronic state is present in the troughs as well as on the nanowires. The −0.35 eV state has the strongest intensity on the pentagons. For Pt depositions exceeding two monolayers, pentagon free nanowire patches are found, that coexist with Pt/Ge clusters. Upon annealing at 1040 K these Pt/Ge clusters become liquid-like, indicating that we are dealing with eutectic Pt0.22Ge0.78 clusters. Low energy electron microscopy videos reveal the formation and spinodal decomposition of these eutectic Pt/Ge clusters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)766-770
Number of pages5
JournalApplied surface science
Volume387
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • METIS-318261
  • IR-101891

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