Structural, electrical, and optical properties of La1-z YzHx switchable mirrors

A.T.M. van Gogh, D.G. Nagengast, Ernst S. Kooij, N.J. Koeman, J.H. Rector, R. Griessen, C.F.J. Flipse, R.J.J.G.A.M. Smeets

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Abstract

Thin La1-zYzHx films, in the composition range 0<z<1 and 0<x<3, are studied using x-ray diffraction, dc resistivity measurements, reflectance-transmittance measurements, and ellipsometry in the visible and near-infrared spectral range. For x=0 the structural phase diagram is similar to that of the bulk system. Upon hydrogen absorption and desorption, the La1-zYzHx films do not disproportionate. All dihydrides have a fcc structure with a continuous shift of the lattice parameter, whereas the trihydrides undergo a transition from a fcc lattice structure for 0<z<0.67 to a hexagonal lattice structure for 0.81<z<1. No significant thin-film effects occur in the structural, electrical, and optical properties, whereas disorder effects are observed in the x-ray coherence length, the electron relaxation time at both zero and optical frequencies, and in the optical properties of the trihydrides. In LaH2 a similar dihydride transmission window is observed as in YH2. The suppression of this window upon alloying is a disorder effect. As in the case of their parent materials, all La1-zYzHx alloys (both cubic and hexagonal) exhibit a metal-insulator transition for 2<x<3, which is a clear demonstration of the robustness of the metal-insulator transition in switchable mirrors. The optical band-gap shifts from 1.87±0.03 eV for LaH3 to 2.63±0.03 eV for YH3. The optical properties suggest that the fundamental band gap is 1–1.8 eV lower.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)195105-1-195105-219
Number of pages21
JournalPhysical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)
Volume63
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • METIS-202316
  • IR-75187

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