Structure and cluster formation in granular media

S. Luding*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The two most important phenomena at the basis of granular media are excluded volume and dissipation. The former is captured by the hard sphere model and is responsible for, e.g., crystallization, the latter leads to interesting structures like clusters in non-equilibrium dynamical, freely cooling states. The freely cooling system is examined concerning the energy decay and the cluster evolution in time, Corrections for crystallization and multi-particle contacts are provided, which become more and more important with increasing density.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-902
Number of pages10
JournalPramana - Journal of Physics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Clustering
  • Event-driven simulation
  • Freely cooling granular gas
  • Global equation of state
  • Multi-particle contacts
  • TC model


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