Structure, materials, and preparation of photoelectrodes

Marco Altomare, Nhat Truong Nguyen, Alberto Naldoni, Roland Marschall

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


A main challenge on the way to viable photoelectrochemical (PEC) technologies is to develop inexpensive photoelectrodes that can deliver a stable performance with reasonable solar-to-fuel conversion efficiency on a timescale of years. Semiconductor photoelectrodes are at the core of PEC technologies, as they are responsible for harvesting light and for the generation of charge carriers that drive surface redox reactions. High-performance, durable photoelectrodes are typically composed not only of semiconductor light absorbers but also of additional materials that are necessary to provide complementary functionalities, e.g., conductive substrates (charge collectors), protection (or passivation) layers, cocatalysts, and photosensitizers, among others. In this chapter, we describe structure, materials, preparation and performance of photoelectrodes, focusing on metal oxide semiconductors.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotoelectrocatalysis
Subtitle of host publicationFundamentals and Applications
Number of pages92
ISBN (Electronic)9780128239896
ISBN (Print)9780128242421
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2023


  • Doping
  • Metal oxide
  • Nanostructuring
  • Photoelectrochemistry
  • Photoelectrode
  • Semiconductor
  • Water splitting
  • NLA


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