Structure of, access to and uncertainty in reasoning and their dependence on content

Henk Vos

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    It is known that content has an effect on reasoning. In this paper the influence of the content on the structure of reasoning, the access to it, and the ability to handle uncertainty was studied. The participants were presented with reasoning tasks about the weather and about the oscilloscope in which uncertain premises were introduced. Correct reasoning procedures were identified including correct reasoning with wrong answers. In correct reasoning procedures about the weather, three different structures of reasoning were identified. The participants were mostly able to reason with uncertain components. In reasoning about the oscilloscope, less correct reasoning procedures were found. No empirical and theoretical structures were used. The hidden structure differed here from the one in the weather case because the participants were not able to handle all uncertain components in otherwise correct reasoning. The implications of this unique finding for the acquisition of reasoning skills are discussed
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationAbstracts 10th European Conference for Research on Learning and Instruction
    EditorsL. et al Mason
    Number of pages6
    Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2003
    Event10th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research in Learning and Instruction (EARLI) 2003 - Padova, Italy
    Duration: 26 Aug 200330 Aug 2003
    Conference number: 10 (European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI))


    Conference10th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research in Learning and Instruction (EARLI) 2003
    Abbreviated titleEARLI
    Internet address


    • IR-59654
    • METIS-217527

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