The present thesis describes the development of a computational method for the numerical simulation of compressible flows in aerodynamics. The main goal is to study high-order discretization schemes that can potentially deliver a better computational efficiency. The spatial part of the conservation equations is discretized with the finite difference method. In particular, Summation By Parts (SBP) finite difference operators and treatment of boundary conditions via Simultaneous Approximation Terms (SAT) have been investigated. An SBP finite difference operator is essentially a (high-order) centered finite difference scheme with a specific closure at the boundary. The SAT are penalty-like terms that enforce the boundary conditions weakly and are used to augment the SBP schemes. The combination of SBP operators with SAT boundary terms constitutes schemes that, for the linearized equations governing a smooth flow, are provably stable (thus convergent) schemes. The discretization in time is carried out with high-order schemes as well. Both implicit and explicit time integration schemes have been investigated. The system of non-linear equations that arises when using the implicit time integration schemes is solved via (a damped) Newton's method. On the target grid, the initial guess required for Newton's method is obtained by performing grid sequencing combined a series of explicit relaxation iterations on each grid level. The flow equations and the equation of the turbulence model (if present) are solved in a fully-coupled manner. Numerical simulations for inviscid flow, laminar flow, as well as simulations based on DNS, LES and RANS have been performed. Results show that the described computational method is particularly well-suited for smooth external flows about relatively simple geometries, solved with the DNS and LES approach. For these types of flows the gain in efficiency obtained by using high-order schemes is clear (more than a factor of 5). For RANS, however, the comparison with a state-of-the-art second order finite volume code suggests that solving the turbulence and the flow equations fully coupled with implicit schemes may not be the most efficient iteration strategy. On the other hand, the numerical simulations of non-smooth/internal flows highlighted the need of further development of the SBP-SAT framework.
|Award date||22 Apr 2016|
|Place of Publication||Enschede|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Apr 2016|