Sub-quadratic dependence of visible upconversion on infra-red direct luminescence decay owing to static energy-transfer upconversion

Markus Pollnau, R.V. Fedosseev, H.G. Limberger

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    Because of their broadband luminescence, TM-ion-doped materials are of high interest for applications as tunable and short-pulse lasers. Systems with a d1 electron configuration possess only one excited 3d level and excited-state absorption into higher-lying 3d levels is impossible. One of these d1 systems, Ti:sapphire has become the most successful tunable and short-pulse laser system to date. Mn6+ is a promising d1 ion for a tunable laser system. In BaSO4, near-infrared emission from Mn6+ was observed. The room-temperature stimulated-emission cross section is larger than the excited-state-absorption cross section in the spectral range 920-1600 nm [1], i.e., as a laser material BaSO4:Mn6+ can offer a broad tuning range. Here we report on the first epitaxial growth of Mn6+-doped BaSO4 layers. Growth techniques such as the melt growth fail, because barium sulphate has a phase transition at 1090°C and exhibits thermal decomposition at 1590°C. Therefore, we grew BaSO4 substrate crystals by the flux method. The Mn6+ ions tend to reduce to Mn5+ at T  620°C. We used a CsCl-KCl-NaCl solvent [2] for the LPE of BaSO4:Mn6+. This solvent has a low solidification temperature of 480°C and the growth process could be performed at temperatures well below 620°C. The nominal Mn6+ concentration was up to 0.8 mol%. High quality, lack of large-size inclusions, and low defect concentration were achieved. These Mn6+-doped BaSO4 layers were investigated spectroscopically by absorption, emission, and luminescence-excitation measurements at room temperature. Excitation at 800 nm leads to broadband Mn6+ emission between 850 and 1600 nm. Currently, we investigate the lasing potential of our BaSO4:Mn6+ layers. [1] T.C. Brunold, H.U. Güdel, S. Kück, G. Huber, JOSA B 14, 2373 (1997). [2] D. Ehrentraut, M. Pollnau, J. Cryst. Growth 234, 533 (2002).
    Original languageUndefined
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2002
    Event13th International Conference on Luminescence and Optical Spectroscopy of Condensed Matter, ICL 2002 - Budapest, Hungary
    Duration: 24 Aug 200229 Aug 2002
    Conference number: 13


    Conference13th International Conference on Luminescence and Optical Spectroscopy of Condensed Matter, ICL 2002
    Abbreviated titleICL


    • EWI-18052
    • IOMS-APD: Active Photonic Devices
    • IR-72289

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