Superconducting Diode Effect in Topological Hybrid Structures

Tairzhan Karabassov*, Emir S. Amirov, Irina V. Bobkova, Alexander A. Golubov, Elena A. Kazakova, Andrey S. Vasenko*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


Currently, the superconducting diode effect (SDE) is being actively discussed, due to its large application potential in superconducting electronics. In particular, superconducting hybrid structures, based on three-dimensional (3D) topological insulators, are among the best candidates, due to their having the strongest spin–orbit coupling (SOC). Most theoretical studies on the SDE focus either on a full numerical calculation, which is often rather complicated, or on the phenomenological approach. In the present paper, we compare the linearized and nonlinear microscopic approaches in the superconductor/ferromagnet/3D topological insulator (S/F/TI) hybrid structure. Employing the quasiclassical Green’s function formalism we solve the problem self-consistently. We show that the results obtained by the linearized approximation are not qualitatively different from the nonlinear solution. The main distinction in the results between the two methods was quantitative, i.e., they yielded different supercurrent amplitudes. However, when calculating the so-called diode quality factor the quantitative difference is eliminated and both approaches result in good agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number36
Number of pages12
JournalCondensed Matter
Issue number2
Early online date14 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • hybrid structures
  • superconducting diode effect
  • superconductivity
  • topological insulators


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