Supporting Literacy and Digital Literacy Development in Early Childhood Education Using Storytelling Activities

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Abstract

Educators have increasingly adopted formalized approaches for teaching literacy skills in early childhood education. In line with an emergent critique of this approach, the present study investigated the design and effectiveness of a literacy intervention that blended Gagné’s nine events of instructional design with storytelling. Three classes in a public preschool in Indonesia participated in an experimental study involving 45 children, aged 5–6 years. Across 3 weeks, one experimental condition received storytelling activities and a second experimental condition received digital storytelling activities. The control condition received regular literacy classroom activities. Before, and after, the 3-week storytelling intervention, measures of literacy and digital literacy skills were administered to all groups. In the digital storytelling condition, children’s literacy skills increased significantly compared to children in the control condition. Other exploratory data analyses suggested that both types of storytelling activities enhanced digital literacy skills. The findings need to be replicated with an extended series of storytelling activities that involve larger groups of participants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-389
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Early Childhood
Volume50
Issue number3
Early online date16 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

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literacy
childhood
Education
education
Indonesia
Literacy
Teaching
Group
educator
classroom
event

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Early childhood
  • Experimental design
  • Literacy intervention
  • Literacy skills
  • Storytelling
  • Digital storytelling

Cite this

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