Surface and sub-surface thermal oxidation of thin ruthenium films

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A mixed 2D (film) and 3D (nano-column) growth of ruthenium oxide has been experimentally observed for thermally oxidized polycrystalline ruthenium thin films. Furthermore, in situ x-ray reflectivity upon annealing allowed the detection of 2D film growth as two separate layers consisting of low density and high density oxides. Nano-columns grow at the surface of the low density oxide layer, with the growth rate being limited by diffusion of ruthenium through the formed oxide film. Simultaneously, with the growth of the columns, sub-surface high density oxide continues to grow limited by diffusion of oxygen or ruthenium through the oxide film
Original languageEnglish
Article number131601
Pages (from-to)131601-
JournalApplied physics letters
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • METIS-305302
  • IR-91963


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