Steam reforming of bio-oil combined with the gasification of coke deposits in the presence of water is a conceptually promising alternative to generate hydrogen gas. H2O can be activated in the gasification stage to form hydroxyl groups (OH) on oxide-supported (like ceria) metal catalysts, which increases both the H2 yield and the catalyst’s lifetime. The reactivity for the water dissociation as well as the reactivity of resulting hydroxyl groups can be further improved by altering the shape and size of ceria support. Based on the recent studies, ceria nanoshapes exhibit excellent redox properties and high specific activity/selectivity in comparison to the bulk ceria particles. However, the knowledge related to the surface species actually responsible for enhanced catalytic activity of ceria nanocatalysts so far remain lacking. The work presented in this thesis highlights the fundamental aspects of ceria nanoshapes, with emphasis on the effects of surface planes on overall catalytic performance. The main objectives of this work are to investigate the true exposed facets, as well as to understand the reactivity of hydroxyl species and the role of defects on the ceria nanoshapes.
|Award date||3 Apr 2014|
|Place of Publication||Enschede|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Apr 2014|