Introduction: Endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS) is a sac-filling device with a blunted systemic inflammatory response compared to conventional endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), with a suggested impact on all-cause mortality. This study compares mortality after both EVAS and EVAR. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective observational study including data from 2 centres, with ethical approval. Elective procedures on asymptomatic infrarenal aneurysms performed between January 2011 until April 2018 were enrolled. Laboratory values (serum creatinine, haemoglobin, white blood cell count, platelet count) were measured pre- and postoperatively and at 1 and 2 years, respectively. Mortality and cause of death were recorded during follow-up. Results: A total of 564 patients were included (225 EVAS, 369 EVAR), after propensity score matching there were 207 patients in both groups. Baseline characteristics were similar, except for larger neck angulation and more pulmonary disease in the EVAR group. The median follow-up time was 49 (EVAS) and 44 (EVAR) months. No significant differences regarding creatinine and haemoglobin were observed. Preoperative white blood cell count was higher in the EVAR group (p=0.011), without significant differences during follow-up. Median platelet count was lower in the EVAR group preoperatively (p=0.001), but was significantly higher at 1 year follow-up (p=0.003). There were 43 deaths within the EVAS group (20.8%) and 52 within the EVAR group (25.1%) (p=0.293). Of these, 4 were aneurysm related (EVAS n=3, EVAR n=1; p=0.222) and 14 cardiovascular (EVAS n=6, EVAR n=8, p=0.845). For the EVAS cohort, survival was 95.5% at 1 year and 74.9% at 5 years. For the EVAR cohort, this was 93.3% at 1 year and 75.5% at 5 years. No significant differences were observed in causes of death. Conclusion: This study showed comparable survival rates through 5 years between EVAS and EVAR with a tendency toward higher inflammatory response in the EVAR patients through the first 2 years.
- abdominal aortic aneurysm
- endovascular aneurysm repair
- endovascular aneurysm sealing