Sustainability priorities across the strategic and operational level in packaging development

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademicpeer-review


Sustainability is well-established in many companies’ strategic postures. However, executing sustainability-related goals often lags at the operational level. This study analyzes how decision-making processes in packaging development at different hierarchical levels are characterized in achieving a sustainability consensus. This research focuses on the alignment of the strategic and operational levels of packaging development in relation to the integration of sustainability considerations. This materializes in a stakeholder perspective on packaging development, and an analysis of targets aiming for the integration of sustainability considerations in such development processes. The involvement and decision making by internal stakeholders, the involvement of external stakeholders, and sustainability target setting are considered as conditions causing the outcome of interest: levels of sustainability implementation on both the strategic and the operational level of packaging development. By using a set-theoretic method, we address that different compositions of stakeholder involvement and target setting might cause the same level of sustainability priority at the strategic and the operational level. For data analysis, we use a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) with empirical data derived from surveys among packaging experts. This approach is motivated by its ability to address the complexity of the interplay of case characteristics within development processes.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event21st IAPRI World Conference on Packaging 2018: Packaging: Driving a Sustainable Future - Zhuhai International Convention and Exhibition Center, Zhuhai, China
Duration: 19 Jun 201822 Jun 2018
Conference number: 21


Conference21st IAPRI World Conference on Packaging 2018
Internet address


  • Packaging development
  • Strategic management
  • Operations management
  • Sustainability
  • fsQCA


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