Sustainable utilization and storage of carbon dioxide: Analysis and design of an innovative supply chain

Grazia Leonzio*, Pier Ugo Foscolo, Edwin Zondervan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A mixed integer linear programming model is developed for the optimal design of carbon capture utilization and storage supply chain in Germany. A sensitivity analysis shows that for the optimal supply chain the total costs are 97.9 billion €/year with a NPV of 675 billion € and a PB of 2.71 years: the economic profitability is ensured only due to the use carbon tax. Also, 160 MtonCO2 year are captured to produce methanol, concrete, wheat, lignin, polyurethane, calcium carbonate, urea and concrete by red mud. It is found that the selection of capture material/technology depends on CO2 composition, flue gas flow rate and CO2 final use The high flow rate of flue gasses with a CO2 composition between 13 mol% and 22 mol%, is most effectively captured by absorption technology. A Monte Carlo simulation is carried out to evaluate the uncertainties regarding the selling price and national demand of compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106569
JournalComputers and Chemical Engineering
Volume131
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CCUS supply chain
  • CO reduction
  • Mathematical model
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • optimization

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