Symmetry breaking in the Anderson-Hubbard model

M.R.M.J. Traa, W.J. Caspers

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    Abstract

    The Anderson-Hubbard (A-H) model with one or two holes and with periodic boundary conditions on a 4Mx 4N square lattice is considered. On grounds of an intuitive generalization of Marshall's theorem we split the A-H Hamiltonian (HA−H) into a zeroth order term (H0) and a perturbation term (H'). With H0 we construct unfrustrated states: the zeroth order approximation of the degenerate ground state (GS). The one-hole system has a four-fold symmetry broken H0-GS with k = (π/2, ±π/2), (-π/2, ±π/2). Group theory shows that this symmetry breaking (SB) may be stable if H' is taken into account. For the two-hole system we derive candidates for the H0-GS with the corresponding good quantum numbers k and total spin S. Here we find no SB or a two-fold SB: again, this result may hold for the complete HA−H. Second order perturbation calculation possibly describes an effective coupling of two holes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)175-186
    Number of pages11
    JournalPhysica A
    Volume183
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1992

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    Traa, M. R. M. J., & Caspers, W. J. (1992). Symmetry breaking in the Anderson-Hubbard model. Physica A, 183(1-2), 175-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-4371(92)90184-R