Synchronous X-ray and radio mode switches: a rapid global transformation of the pulsar magnetosphere

W. Hermsen, J.W. Hessels, L. Kuiper, J. van Leeuwen, D. Mitra, J. de Plaa, Marinus Jan Bentum, J.M. Rankin, B.W. Stappers, G.A.E. Wright, R. Basu, A. Alexov, T. Coenen, J.M. Griessmeier, T.E. Hassall, A. Karastergiou, E. Keane, V.I. Kondratiev, M. Kramer, M. Kuniyoshi & 69 others A. Noutsos, M. Serylak, M. Pilia, C. Sobey, P. Weltevrede, K. Zagkouris, A. Asgekar, I.M. Avruch, F. Batejat, M.E. Bell, M.R. Bell, G. Bernardi, P. Best, L. Birzan, A. Bonfede, F. Breitling, J. Broderick, M. Brüggen, H.R. Butcher, B. Ciardi, S. Duscha, J. Eislöffel, H. Falcke, R. Fender, C. Ferrari, W. Frieswijk, M.A. Garrett, F. de Gasperin, E. de Geus, A.W. Gunst, G. Heald, M. Hoeft, A. Homeffer, M. Iabobelli, G. Kuper, P. Maat, G. Macario, S. Markoff, J.P. McKean, M. Mevius, J.C.A Miller-Jones, R. Morganti, H. Munk, E. Orrú, H. Paas, M. Pandey-Pommier, V.N. Pandey, R. Pizzo, A.G. Polatidis, S. Rawlings, W. Reich, H. Röttgering, A.M.M. Scaife, A. Schoenmakers, A. Shulevski, J. Sluman, M. Steinmetz, M. Tagger, Y. Tang, C. Tasse, S. ter Veen, R. Vermeulen, R.H. van de Brink, R.J. van Weeren, R.A.M.J. Weijers, M.W. Wise, O. Wucknitz, S. Yatawatta, P. Zarka

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Abstract

Pulsars emit from low-frequency radio waves up to high-energy gamma-rays, generated anywhere from the stellar surface out to the edge of the magnetosphere. Detecting correlated mode changes across the electromagnetic spectrum is therefore key to understanding the physical relationship among the emission sites. Through simultaneous observations, we detected synchronous switching in the radio and x-ray emission properties of PSR B0943+10. When the pulsar is in a sustained radio-"bright" mode, the x-rays show only an unpulsed, nonthermal component. Conversely, when the pulsar is in a radio-"quiet" mode, the x-ray luminosity more than doubles and a 100% pulsed thermal component is observed along with the nonthermal component. This indicates rapid, global changes to the conditions in the magnetosphere, which challenge all proposed pulsar emission theories.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)436-439
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume339
Issue number6118
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • METIS-293910
  • EWI-23244
  • IR-85362

Cite this

Hermsen, W., Hessels, J. W., Kuiper, L., van Leeuwen, J., Mitra, D., de Plaa, J., ... Zarka, P. (2013). Synchronous X-ray and radio mode switches: a rapid global transformation of the pulsar magnetosphere. Science, 339(6118), 436-439. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1230960
Hermsen, W. ; Hessels, J.W. ; Kuiper, L. ; van Leeuwen, J. ; Mitra, D. ; de Plaa, J. ; Bentum, Marinus Jan ; Rankin, J.M. ; Stappers, B.W. ; Wright, G.A.E. ; Basu, R. ; Alexov, A. ; Coenen, T. ; Griessmeier, J.M. ; Hassall, T.E. ; Karastergiou, A. ; Keane, E. ; Kondratiev, V.I. ; Kramer, M. ; Kuniyoshi, M. ; Noutsos, A. ; Serylak, M. ; Pilia, M. ; Sobey, C. ; Weltevrede, P. ; Zagkouris, K. ; Asgekar, A. ; Avruch, I.M. ; Batejat, F. ; Bell, M.E. ; Bell, M.R. ; Bernardi, G. ; Best, P. ; Birzan, L. ; Bonfede, A. ; Breitling, F. ; Broderick, J. ; Brüggen, M. ; Butcher, H.R. ; Ciardi, B. ; Duscha, S. ; Eislöffel, J. ; Falcke, H. ; Fender, R. ; Ferrari, C. ; Frieswijk, W. ; Garrett, M.A. ; de Gasperin, F. ; de Geus, E. ; Gunst, A.W. ; Heald, G. ; Hoeft, M. ; Homeffer, A. ; Iabobelli, M. ; Kuper, G. ; Maat, P. ; Macario, G. ; Markoff, S. ; McKean, J.P. ; Mevius, M. ; Miller-Jones, J.C.A ; Morganti, R. ; Munk, H. ; Orrú, E. ; Paas, H. ; Pandey-Pommier, M. ; Pandey, V.N. ; Pizzo, R. ; Polatidis, A.G. ; Rawlings, S. ; Reich, W. ; Röttgering, H. ; Scaife, A.M.M. ; Schoenmakers, A. ; Shulevski, A. ; Sluman, J. ; Steinmetz, M. ; Tagger, M. ; Tang, Y. ; Tasse, C. ; ter Veen, S. ; Vermeulen, R. ; van de Brink, R.H. ; van Weeren, R.J. ; Weijers, R.A.M.J. ; Wise, M.W. ; Wucknitz, O. ; Yatawatta, S. ; Zarka, P. / Synchronous X-ray and radio mode switches: a rapid global transformation of the pulsar magnetosphere. In: Science. 2013 ; Vol. 339, No. 6118. pp. 436-439.
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title = "Synchronous X-ray and radio mode switches: a rapid global transformation of the pulsar magnetosphere",
abstract = "Pulsars emit from low-frequency radio waves up to high-energy gamma-rays, generated anywhere from the stellar surface out to the edge of the magnetosphere. Detecting correlated mode changes across the electromagnetic spectrum is therefore key to understanding the physical relationship among the emission sites. Through simultaneous observations, we detected synchronous switching in the radio and x-ray emission properties of PSR B0943+10. When the pulsar is in a sustained radio-{"}bright{"} mode, the x-rays show only an unpulsed, nonthermal component. Conversely, when the pulsar is in a radio-{"}quiet{"} mode, the x-ray luminosity more than doubles and a 100{\%} pulsed thermal component is observed along with the nonthermal component. This indicates rapid, global changes to the conditions in the magnetosphere, which challenge all proposed pulsar emission theories.",
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author = "W. Hermsen and J.W. Hessels and L. Kuiper and {van Leeuwen}, J. and D. Mitra and {de Plaa}, J. and Bentum, {Marinus Jan} and J.M. Rankin and B.W. Stappers and G.A.E. Wright and R. Basu and A. Alexov and T. Coenen and J.M. Griessmeier and T.E. Hassall and A. Karastergiou and E. Keane and V.I. Kondratiev and M. Kramer and M. Kuniyoshi and A. Noutsos and M. Serylak and M. Pilia and C. Sobey and P. Weltevrede and K. Zagkouris and A. Asgekar and I.M. Avruch and F. Batejat and M.E. Bell and M.R. Bell and G. Bernardi and P. Best and L. Birzan and A. Bonfede and F. Breitling and J. Broderick and M. Br{\"u}ggen and H.R. Butcher and B. Ciardi and S. Duscha and J. Eisl{\"o}ffel and H. Falcke and R. Fender and C. Ferrari and W. Frieswijk and M.A. Garrett and {de Gasperin}, F. and {de Geus}, E. and A.W. Gunst and G. Heald and M. Hoeft and A. Homeffer and M. Iabobelli and G. Kuper and P. Maat and G. Macario and S. Markoff and J.P. McKean and M. Mevius and J.C.A Miller-Jones and R. Morganti and H. Munk and E. Orr{\'u} and H. Paas and M. Pandey-Pommier and V.N. Pandey and R. Pizzo and A.G. Polatidis and S. Rawlings and W. Reich and H. R{\"o}ttgering and A.M.M. Scaife and A. Schoenmakers and A. Shulevski and J. Sluman and M. Steinmetz and M. Tagger and Y. Tang and C. Tasse and {ter Veen}, S. and R. Vermeulen and {van de Brink}, R.H. and {van Weeren}, R.J. and R.A.M.J. Weijers and M.W. Wise and O. Wucknitz and S. Yatawatta and P. Zarka",
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doi = "10.1126/science.1230960",
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volume = "339",
pages = "436--439",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
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Hermsen, W, Hessels, JW, Kuiper, L, van Leeuwen, J, Mitra, D, de Plaa, J, Bentum, MJ, Rankin, JM, Stappers, BW, Wright, GAE, Basu, R, Alexov, A, Coenen, T, Griessmeier, JM, Hassall, TE, Karastergiou, A, Keane, E, Kondratiev, VI, Kramer, M, Kuniyoshi, M, Noutsos, A, Serylak, M, Pilia, M, Sobey, C, Weltevrede, P, Zagkouris, K, Asgekar, A, Avruch, IM, Batejat, F, Bell, ME, Bell, MR, Bernardi, G, Best, P, Birzan, L, Bonfede, A, Breitling, F, Broderick, J, Brüggen, M, Butcher, HR, Ciardi, B, Duscha, S, Eislöffel, J, Falcke, H, Fender, R, Ferrari, C, Frieswijk, W, Garrett, MA, de Gasperin, F, de Geus, E, Gunst, AW, Heald, G, Hoeft, M, Homeffer, A, Iabobelli, M, Kuper, G, Maat, P, Macario, G, Markoff, S, McKean, JP, Mevius, M, Miller-Jones, JCA, Morganti, R, Munk, H, Orrú, E, Paas, H, Pandey-Pommier, M, Pandey, VN, Pizzo, R, Polatidis, AG, Rawlings, S, Reich, W, Röttgering, H, Scaife, AMM, Schoenmakers, A, Shulevski, A, Sluman, J, Steinmetz, M, Tagger, M, Tang, Y, Tasse, C, ter Veen, S, Vermeulen, R, van de Brink, RH, van Weeren, RJ, Weijers, RAMJ, Wise, MW, Wucknitz, O, Yatawatta, S & Zarka, P 2013, 'Synchronous X-ray and radio mode switches: a rapid global transformation of the pulsar magnetosphere' Science, vol. 339, no. 6118, pp. 436-439. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1230960

Synchronous X-ray and radio mode switches: a rapid global transformation of the pulsar magnetosphere. / Hermsen, W.; Hessels, J.W.; Kuiper, L.; van Leeuwen, J.; Mitra, D.; de Plaa, J.; Bentum, Marinus Jan; Rankin, J.M.; Stappers, B.W.; Wright, G.A.E.; Basu, R.; Alexov, A.; Coenen, T.; Griessmeier, J.M.; Hassall, T.E.; Karastergiou, A.; Keane, E.; Kondratiev, V.I.; Kramer, M.; Kuniyoshi, M.; Noutsos, A.; Serylak, M.; Pilia, M.; Sobey, C.; Weltevrede, P.; Zagkouris, K.; Asgekar, A.; Avruch, I.M.; Batejat, F.; Bell, M.E.; Bell, M.R.; Bernardi, G.; Best, P.; Birzan, L.; Bonfede, A.; Breitling, F.; Broderick, J.; Brüggen, M.; Butcher, H.R.; Ciardi, B.; Duscha, S.; Eislöffel, J.; Falcke, H.; Fender, R.; Ferrari, C.; Frieswijk, W.; Garrett, M.A.; de Gasperin, F.; de Geus, E.; Gunst, A.W.; Heald, G.; Hoeft, M.; Homeffer, A.; Iabobelli, M.; Kuper, G.; Maat, P.; Macario, G.; Markoff, S.; McKean, J.P.; Mevius, M.; Miller-Jones, J.C.A; Morganti, R.; Munk, H.; Orrú, E.; Paas, H.; Pandey-Pommier, M.; Pandey, V.N.; Pizzo, R.; Polatidis, A.G.; Rawlings, S.; Reich, W.; Röttgering, H.; Scaife, A.M.M.; Schoenmakers, A.; Shulevski, A.; Sluman, J.; Steinmetz, M.; Tagger, M.; Tang, Y.; Tasse, C.; ter Veen, S.; Vermeulen, R.; van de Brink, R.H.; van Weeren, R.J.; Weijers, R.A.M.J.; Wise, M.W.; Wucknitz, O.; Yatawatta, S.; Zarka, P.

In: Science, Vol. 339, No. 6118, 25.01.2013, p. 436-439.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synchronous X-ray and radio mode switches: a rapid global transformation of the pulsar magnetosphere

AU - Hermsen, W.

AU - Hessels, J.W.

AU - Kuiper, L.

AU - van Leeuwen, J.

AU - Mitra, D.

AU - de Plaa, J.

AU - Bentum, Marinus Jan

AU - Rankin, J.M.

AU - Stappers, B.W.

AU - Wright, G.A.E.

AU - Basu, R.

AU - Alexov, A.

AU - Coenen, T.

AU - Griessmeier, J.M.

AU - Hassall, T.E.

AU - Karastergiou, A.

AU - Keane, E.

AU - Kondratiev, V.I.

AU - Kramer, M.

AU - Kuniyoshi, M.

AU - Noutsos, A.

AU - Serylak, M.

AU - Pilia, M.

AU - Sobey, C.

AU - Weltevrede, P.

AU - Zagkouris, K.

AU - Asgekar, A.

AU - Avruch, I.M.

AU - Batejat, F.

AU - Bell, M.E.

AU - Bell, M.R.

AU - Bernardi, G.

AU - Best, P.

AU - Birzan, L.

AU - Bonfede, A.

AU - Breitling, F.

AU - Broderick, J.

AU - Brüggen, M.

AU - Butcher, H.R.

AU - Ciardi, B.

AU - Duscha, S.

AU - Eislöffel, J.

AU - Falcke, H.

AU - Fender, R.

AU - Ferrari, C.

AU - Frieswijk, W.

AU - Garrett, M.A.

AU - de Gasperin, F.

AU - de Geus, E.

AU - Gunst, A.W.

AU - Heald, G.

AU - Hoeft, M.

AU - Homeffer, A.

AU - Iabobelli, M.

AU - Kuper, G.

AU - Maat, P.

AU - Macario, G.

AU - Markoff, S.

AU - McKean, J.P.

AU - Mevius, M.

AU - Miller-Jones, J.C.A

AU - Morganti, R.

AU - Munk, H.

AU - Orrú, E.

AU - Paas, H.

AU - Pandey-Pommier, M.

AU - Pandey, V.N.

AU - Pizzo, R.

AU - Polatidis, A.G.

AU - Rawlings, S.

AU - Reich, W.

AU - Röttgering, H.

AU - Scaife, A.M.M.

AU - Schoenmakers, A.

AU - Shulevski, A.

AU - Sluman, J.

AU - Steinmetz, M.

AU - Tagger, M.

AU - Tang, Y.

AU - Tasse, C.

AU - ter Veen, S.

AU - Vermeulen, R.

AU - van de Brink, R.H.

AU - van Weeren, R.J.

AU - Weijers, R.A.M.J.

AU - Wise, M.W.

AU - Wucknitz, O.

AU - Yatawatta, S.

AU - Zarka, P.

PY - 2013/1/25

Y1 - 2013/1/25

N2 - Pulsars emit from low-frequency radio waves up to high-energy gamma-rays, generated anywhere from the stellar surface out to the edge of the magnetosphere. Detecting correlated mode changes across the electromagnetic spectrum is therefore key to understanding the physical relationship among the emission sites. Through simultaneous observations, we detected synchronous switching in the radio and x-ray emission properties of PSR B0943+10. When the pulsar is in a sustained radio-"bright" mode, the x-rays show only an unpulsed, nonthermal component. Conversely, when the pulsar is in a radio-"quiet" mode, the x-ray luminosity more than doubles and a 100% pulsed thermal component is observed along with the nonthermal component. This indicates rapid, global changes to the conditions in the magnetosphere, which challenge all proposed pulsar emission theories.

AB - Pulsars emit from low-frequency radio waves up to high-energy gamma-rays, generated anywhere from the stellar surface out to the edge of the magnetosphere. Detecting correlated mode changes across the electromagnetic spectrum is therefore key to understanding the physical relationship among the emission sites. Through simultaneous observations, we detected synchronous switching in the radio and x-ray emission properties of PSR B0943+10. When the pulsar is in a sustained radio-"bright" mode, the x-rays show only an unpulsed, nonthermal component. Conversely, when the pulsar is in a radio-"quiet" mode, the x-ray luminosity more than doubles and a 100% pulsed thermal component is observed along with the nonthermal component. This indicates rapid, global changes to the conditions in the magnetosphere, which challenge all proposed pulsar emission theories.

KW - METIS-293910

KW - EWI-23244

KW - IR-85362

U2 - 10.1126/science.1230960

DO - 10.1126/science.1230960

M3 - Article

VL - 339

SP - 436

EP - 439

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 6118

ER -

Hermsen W, Hessels JW, Kuiper L, van Leeuwen J, Mitra D, de Plaa J et al. Synchronous X-ray and radio mode switches: a rapid global transformation of the pulsar magnetosphere. Science. 2013 Jan 25;339(6118):436-439. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1230960