Synergistic effect by high specific surface area carbon black as secondary filler in silica reinforced natural rubber tire tread compounds

Suppachai Sattayanurak, Kannika Sahakaro*, Wisut Kaewsakul, Wilma K. Dierkes, Louis A.E.M. Reuvekamp, Anke Blume, Jacques W.M. Noordermeer*

*Corresponding author for this work

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The partial replacement of silica by high specific surface area and high structure Carbon Black (CB) N134 as secondary filler, keeping the same total filler content at 55 phr, shows a clear synergistic effect on overall performance. At low content of CB, i.e. in the range of 0–36 wt% of CB relative to total filler amount, the Payne effect and tan delta at both 0 °C and 60 °C change marginally, but thereafter gradually increase. Cure times are shortened in the presence of CB, facilitating an increase of productivity. Bound rubber content and mechanical properties show an optimum at 18 wt% of CB relative to total filler amount or at a ratio of silica/CB 45/10 phr. With regard to tire performance as indicated by the laboratory test results, the abrasion resistance, wet grip and ice traction can therefore be enhanced while maintaining the tire rolling resistance at the optimum level for this silica/CB ratio.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106173
Number of pages10
JournalPolymer testing
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Carbon black
  • Natural rubber
  • Tire tread compound properties
  • Silica

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