Synthesis, morphology and properties of segmented poly(ether ester amide)s comprising uniform glycine or β-alanine extended bisoxalamide hard segments

N.J. Sijbrandi, A.J. Kimenai, E.P.C. Mes, R. Broos, G. Bar, M. Rosenthal, Y. Odarchenko, D.A. Ivanov, Jan Feijen, Pieter J. Dijkstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Segmented poly(ether ester amide)s comprising glycine or β-alanine extended bisoxalamide hard segments are highly phase separated thermoplastic elastomers with a broad temperature independent rubber plateau. These materials with molecular weights, Mn, exceeding 30 × 103 g mol−1 are conveniently prepared by polycondensation of preformed bisester–bisoxalamides and commercially available PTHF diols. FT-IR revealed strongly hydrogen bonded and highly ordered bisoxalamide hard segments with degrees of ordering between 73 and 99%. The morphology consists of fiber-like nano-crystals randomly dispersed in the soft polymer matrix. The micro-structural parameters of the copolymers were addressed by simultaneous small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering. It is shown that the crystals have strictly identical thickness, which is close to the contour length of the hard segment. The long dimension of the crystals is identified with the direction of the hydrogen bonds. The melting transitions of the hard segments are sharp, with temperatures up to 170 °C. The studied polymers have an elastic modulus in the range of 139–170 MPa, a stress at break in the range of 19–31 MPa combined with strains at break of higher than 800%. The segmented copolymer comprising the β-alanine based bisoxalamide hard segment with a spacer of 6 methylene groups has a melting transition of 141 °C which is higher than the melting transition of its glycine analogue of 119 °C. Likewise, the fracture stress increased from 22 to 31 MPa when the glycine ester group in the hard segment was replaced with β-alanine. The improved thermal and mechanical properties of the latter polymers is related to the crystal packing of the β-alanine based hard segments in the copolymer compared to the packing of the hard segments comprising glycine ester groups
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4033-4044
JournalPolymer
Volume53
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • METIS-288519
  • IR-81897

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