Synthesis of ceramic membranes: Part I: Synthesis of non-supported and supported γ-alumina membranes without defects

R.J.R. Uhlhorn, M.H.B.J. Huis in 't Veld, K. Keizer*, A.J. Burggraaf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

157 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Non-supported γ-alumina films are prepared from a boehmite colloidal suspension. After calcination at 600°C, the microstructure is characterized by a mean pore diameter of 3 nm, a porosity of 50% and a tortuosity of 5.5. The structure is formed by card packed, plate-shaped particles, giving rise to slit-shaped pores. Supported γ-alumina films, made by a slipcasting process using the same boehmite precursor, have a similar structure as the non-supported films. The slipcasting process is very sensitive to support characteristics and frequently yields defect films. Polyvinylalcohol (PVA) (molecular weight 72000 g mol-1) is added to the boehmite precursor (0.25 gg-1 film) to improve this process. This addition results in a less critical and better controllable drying and calcining procedure. The addition of PVA is necessary to slipcast defect free γ-alumina films on supports with pore diameters of 0.4 μm or smaller and on multi-layer supports. It has no significant effect on the resultant microstructure of the γ-alumina film, provided all PVA is removed by appropriate thermal treatment. The slipcasting rate is slower, resulting in thinner films of 3-5 μm at identical slipcasting times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-537
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of materials science
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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