Background: Endovascular treatment of aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) involving the aortic bifurcation is challenging. The gold standard is open surgery with patency rates up to 90% at 5 years, but has considerable morbidity and mortality. The kissing stent (KS) technique was introduced as an alternative. The goal of this review is to give an overview of the current results and role of the KS technique in AIOD treatment.
Methods: The Cochrane guidelines were used to assure a systematic method. A search query designed in the Scopus search interface was used to identify relevant studies. Abstracts from the search were screened against the inclusion and exclusion criteria. During full-text reading, methodological quality was scored using a critical review list tailored to the topic of AIOD. Thereafter, study data were extracted and pooled for further analysis.
Results: In total, 143 abstracts were retrieved using Scopus, 116 were rejected and 7 more were rejected after full-text screening. One study was included after cross referencing. Twenty-one studies presented 1,390 patients. Rutherford classification 1/2/3 was the indication in 76.2% of patients, and 48.4% of the lesions were classified as Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus C or D. The technical success rate was 98.7%, and the complication rate was 10.8%. Clinical improvement at 30 days was achieved in 89.9%. Primary patency at 12, 24, and 60 months was 89.3%, 78.6%, and 69.0%, respectively.
Conclusions: KS treatment of AIOD yields acceptable mid-term results, with high technical success rates and mostly minor complications occur. The long-term patency cannot yet match that of open surgery, underlining the need for further research that provides insight into factors related to reocclusion.