Systematic Review of the Current In Vitro Experience of the Endovascular Treatment of Juxtarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms by Fenestrated and Parallel Endografting

Gergana T. Taneva*, Hadi Mirgolbabaee, Erik Groot Jebbink, Michel M. P. J. Reijnen, Konstantinos P. Donas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
142 Downloads (Pure)


Objective: To identify and analyze the published in vitro benchtop experiments for the assessment of endovascular techniques used for the treatment of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (jAAAs). Data sources: Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science. Review methods: A systematic literature search was carried out throughout March 2021 following PRISMA guidelines. Two investigators independently performed title and abstract screening to reveal all benchtop testing evaluating the endovascular treatment of jAAA. Results: A total of 19 studies were included, 8 evaluating fenestrated (FEVAR) and 11 parallel grafts (PGs). FEVAR studies used different custom testing apparatus (n=7) or 3D-printed models (n=1) to analyze dislodgement and migration resistance, misalignment consequences and causation, and bridging stents’ radial force, flareability, fatigue, and fracture resistance. All PG studies used silicone-based models to analyze optimal oversizing, sealing length, gutter behavior, and possible reduction. Test evaluation in FEVAR in vitro testing was based on pullout force analysis (N=5), photo evaluation (n=1), fluoroscopy (n=1), X-rays (n=4), CT analysis (n=3), macro- and microscopic evaluation (n=4), water permeability (n=1), and fatigue simulator testing (n=1), while it was based on CT analysis in all PG studies adding ECG-gate in one study. The most frequently tested devices were Zenit (Cook) (n=7), Endurant (Medtronic) (n=5), and Excluder (Gore) (n=5) as main grafts, and Advanta V12 (n=14) as the bridging device. Conclusions: This systematic review presents a broad analysis of the current in vitro methods evaluating the endovascular treatment of jAAA. Fundamental issues have been benchtop tested in both FEVAR and PGs. The analysis of the included studies allowed to recommend an optimal testing design. In vitro testing is a potential tool to further elucidate points of attention hard to investigate in vivo to finally enhance the endovascular treatment outcomes. Future in vitro studies are needed to evaluate the in vitro performance of all indistinctively used devices in the clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-17
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Issue number1
Early online date3 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023


  • benchtop model
  • chimney graft/technique
  • endovascular aneurysm repair
  • fatigue testing
  • fenestrated stent graft
  • flow model
  • in vitro model
  • juxtarenal aneurysm
  • parallel graft
  • systematic review


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