Tales of two self-control scales: Relations with Five-Factor and HEXACO traits

Reinout E. de Vries*, Jean-Louis van Gelder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


This study compared the Five-Factor and HEXACO personality correlates of two common self-control constructs - Tangney self-control and Grasmick self-control - and their relations with delinquency. In both a student and a community sample, conscientiousness (mainly the prudence facet) was the most consistent and strongest correlate of both constructs. HEXACO honesty-humility was an important correlate of Grasmick self-control but not of Tangney self-control. Additionally, honesty-humility (mainly the fairness facet) was the most consistent predictor of delinquency, whereas the two self-control scales differed in the extent to which they predicted delinquency across samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)756-760
Number of pages5
JournalPersonality and individual differences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Big Five
  • Conscientiousness
  • Delinquency
  • Five-Factor model
  • Honesty-humility
  • Self-control


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