Temperature effects on the gas hold-up in agitated vessels

R. Schaper, A.B. de Haan, J.M. Smith

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Previous work found the gas hold-up in a tall, 0.15 m3 vessel, agitated by three impellers, to decrease considerably with temperature. This was attributed to a decrease in liquid viscosity, a decrease in surface tension or a decrease in gas density. The aim of this work was to investigate the influence of gas density on the gas hold-up. First of all, it was attempted to reproduce the data found in literature. It was shown that contaminants had a significant impact on the gas hold-up. Experiments with increasing and decreasing amounts of tap water (as the source of the contamination) found the gas hold-up to be affected by a strongly absorbing non-ionic surface active agent. Experiments in a system exhibiting low conductivity and low gas hold-up showed that the gas hold-up decreased by 15% for temperatures between 295 and 350K. Experiments with helium as sparging gas found that gas density does have a lowering effect on the gas hold-up. The gas hold-up did not change for temperatures above 350K, which may be due to the increased presence of micro-bubbles in a near-boiling system.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)887-892
Number of pages6
JournalChemical engineering research and design (Transactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers, part A)
Issue numberPart A
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Sparged
  • agitated
  • Gas hold-up
  • temperature effects
  • METIS-209865
  • IR-58518
  • hot sparged

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