Temporal landslide hazard analysis based on a historic approach along a road corridor, using high resolution panchromatic & multispectral data within a GIS environment: A case study from Uttarakhand India

Sumana Chakraborty, I. C. Das, C.J. Van Westen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Slope failures are among the most frequent disasters experienced by the Himalayan terrains of India especially along the road corridors, connecting the remote mountainous destinations to the mainland. Preparation of landslide inventory maps in other words the simplest form a landslide hazard maps require accurate mapping of slope failures in terms of their morphology and size which is still a challenge to the scientific community. Modern age high resolution Panchromatic images provide an outstanding opportunity to map these events in a large scale. Further the different image processing techniques enables to obtain a spectral properties when merged with the medium to coarse resolution MS dating which helps in identifying the minute morphological details within a single slide. Most of the landslide hazard studies in India aim at spatial modeling of landslide hazard at a small scale. No attempt was made to address the temporal aspect of landslide hazard. The objective of this research was to prepare a Spatio-temporal landslide database at a large scale where almost all of the small and big size landslides can be mapped at its original location. A 15 km road stretch on National highway 108 connecting Uttarkashi to the famous Gangotri shrine which is eventually one of the worst landslide affected routes in India was selected for the study. To obtain a greater accuracy in creating a hazard model a historic approach was followed where information regarding landslide occurrence date and the road length affected by the slide was collected for past 25 years to prepare a sound relational landslide database. A part of this database of 20 years was used to predict the temporal probability of landslide occurrence in 1year, 5 years and 10 years scenarios using Poisson probability distribution along with generating spatial probability indications for the same stretch of road. The results of temporal probability model was validated against a separate set of five years data which shows a good reliability in 5 years scenario where almost 92.9% of the slides occurred in high temporal probability zones though spatially they are less susceptible. For one year scenario the landslide occurrences showed better correspondence with the spatial susceptibility indications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages455-460
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008
Event29th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing 2008, ACRS 2008 - Colombo, Sri Lanka
Duration: 10 Nov 200814 Nov 2008
Conference number: 29

Conference

Conference29th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing 2008, ACRS 2008
Abbreviated titleACRS 2008
CountrySri Lanka
CityColombo
Period10/11/0814/11/08

Fingerprint

Landslides
Geographic information systems
Hazards
Image resolution
Disasters
Probability distributions
Image processing
Acoustic waves

Keywords

  • High resolution image Unique condition units
  • Historic records
  • Temporal probability

Cite this

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title = "Temporal landslide hazard analysis based on a historic approach along a road corridor, using high resolution panchromatic & multispectral data within a GIS environment: A case study from Uttarakhand India",
abstract = "Slope failures are among the most frequent disasters experienced by the Himalayan terrains of India especially along the road corridors, connecting the remote mountainous destinations to the mainland. Preparation of landslide inventory maps in other words the simplest form a landslide hazard maps require accurate mapping of slope failures in terms of their morphology and size which is still a challenge to the scientific community. Modern age high resolution Panchromatic images provide an outstanding opportunity to map these events in a large scale. Further the different image processing techniques enables to obtain a spectral properties when merged with the medium to coarse resolution MS dating which helps in identifying the minute morphological details within a single slide. Most of the landslide hazard studies in India aim at spatial modeling of landslide hazard at a small scale. No attempt was made to address the temporal aspect of landslide hazard. The objective of this research was to prepare a Spatio-temporal landslide database at a large scale where almost all of the small and big size landslides can be mapped at its original location. A 15 km road stretch on National highway 108 connecting Uttarkashi to the famous Gangotri shrine which is eventually one of the worst landslide affected routes in India was selected for the study. To obtain a greater accuracy in creating a hazard model a historic approach was followed where information regarding landslide occurrence date and the road length affected by the slide was collected for past 25 years to prepare a sound relational landslide database. A part of this database of 20 years was used to predict the temporal probability of landslide occurrence in 1year, 5 years and 10 years scenarios using Poisson probability distribution along with generating spatial probability indications for the same stretch of road. The results of temporal probability model was validated against a separate set of five years data which shows a good reliability in 5 years scenario where almost 92.9{\%} of the slides occurred in high temporal probability zones though spatially they are less susceptible. For one year scenario the landslide occurrences showed better correspondence with the spatial susceptibility indications.",
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Chakraborty, S, Das, IC & Van Westen, CJ 2008, 'Temporal landslide hazard analysis based on a historic approach along a road corridor, using high resolution panchromatic & multispectral data within a GIS environment: A case study from Uttarakhand India' Paper presented at 29th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing 2008, ACRS 2008, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 10/11/08 - 14/11/08, pp. 455-460.

Temporal landslide hazard analysis based on a historic approach along a road corridor, using high resolution panchromatic & multispectral data within a GIS environment : A case study from Uttarakhand India. / Chakraborty, Sumana; Das, I. C.; Van Westen, C.J.

2008. 455-460 Paper presented at 29th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing 2008, ACRS 2008, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Slope failures are among the most frequent disasters experienced by the Himalayan terrains of India especially along the road corridors, connecting the remote mountainous destinations to the mainland. Preparation of landslide inventory maps in other words the simplest form a landslide hazard maps require accurate mapping of slope failures in terms of their morphology and size which is still a challenge to the scientific community. Modern age high resolution Panchromatic images provide an outstanding opportunity to map these events in a large scale. Further the different image processing techniques enables to obtain a spectral properties when merged with the medium to coarse resolution MS dating which helps in identifying the minute morphological details within a single slide. Most of the landslide hazard studies in India aim at spatial modeling of landslide hazard at a small scale. No attempt was made to address the temporal aspect of landslide hazard. The objective of this research was to prepare a Spatio-temporal landslide database at a large scale where almost all of the small and big size landslides can be mapped at its original location. A 15 km road stretch on National highway 108 connecting Uttarkashi to the famous Gangotri shrine which is eventually one of the worst landslide affected routes in India was selected for the study. To obtain a greater accuracy in creating a hazard model a historic approach was followed where information regarding landslide occurrence date and the road length affected by the slide was collected for past 25 years to prepare a sound relational landslide database. A part of this database of 20 years was used to predict the temporal probability of landslide occurrence in 1year, 5 years and 10 years scenarios using Poisson probability distribution along with generating spatial probability indications for the same stretch of road. The results of temporal probability model was validated against a separate set of five years data which shows a good reliability in 5 years scenario where almost 92.9% of the slides occurred in high temporal probability zones though spatially they are less susceptible. For one year scenario the landslide occurrences showed better correspondence with the spatial susceptibility indications.

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