Testing the difficulty theory of the SON-R 512 –17, a non-verbal test of intelligence

Hanneke Geerlings, Jacob A. Laros, Peter J. Tellegen, Cornelis A.W. Glas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Fischer's (1973) linear logistic test model can be used to test hypotheses regarding the effect of covariates on item difficulty and to predict the difficulty of newly constructed test items. However, its assumptions of equal discriminatory power across items and a perfect prediction of item difficulty are never absolutely met. The amount of misfit in an application of a Bayesian version of the model to two subtests of the SON-R –17 is investigated by means of item fit statistics in the framework of posterior predictive checks and by means of a comparison with a model that allows for residual (co)variance in the item parameters. The effect of the degree of residual (co)variance on the robustness of inferences is investigated in a simulation study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-265
Number of pages18
JournalBritish journal of mathematical and statistical psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • METIS-300263
  • IR-88448

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