The 16 T Dipole Development Program for FCC and HE-LHC

Daniel Schoerling*, Diego Arbelaez, Bernhard Auchmann, Marta Bajko, Amalia Ballarino, Emanuela Barzi, Giovanni Bellomo, Michael Benedikt, Susana Izquierdo Bermudez, Bernardo Bordini, Luca Bottura, Lucas Brouwer, Pierluigi Bruzzone, Barbara Caiffi, Shlomo Caspi, Ananda Chakraborti, Eric Coatanea, Gijs De Rijk, Marc Dhalle, Maria DurantePasquale Fabbricatore, Stefania Farinon, Helene Felice, Alejandro Fernandez, Inigo Sancho Fernandez, Peng Gao, Barbara Gold, Thodoris Gortsas, Steve Gourlay, Mariusz Juchno, Vadim Kashikhin, Charilaos Kokkinos, Sotiris Kokkinos, Kari Koskinen, Friedrich Lackner, Clement Lorin, Konstantinos Loukas, Alexandre Louzguiti, Kari Lyytikainen, Samuele Mariotto, Maxim Marchevsky, Giuseppe Montenero, Javier Munilla, Igor Novitski, Toru Ogitsu, A. Pampaloni, J.C. Perez, C. Pes, C. Petrone, D. Polyzos, S. Prestemon, M. Prioli, A.M. Ricci, J.M. Rifflet, E. Rochepault, S. Russenschuck, T. Salmi, I.A. Santillana, F. Savary, C. Scheuerlein, M. Segreti, C. Senatore, M. Sorbi, M. Statera, A. Stenvall, L. Tavian, T. Tervoort, D. Tommasini, F. Toral, R. Valente, G. Velev, A.P. Verweij, S. Wessel, F. Wolf, F. Zimmermann, A.V. Zlobin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


A future circular collider (FCC) with a center-of-mass energy of 100 TeV and a circumference of around 100 km, or an energy upgrade of the LHC (HE-LHC) to 27 TeV require bending magnets providing 16 T in a 50-mm aperture. Several development programs for these magnets, based on Nb 3 Sn technology, are being pursued in Europe and in the U.S. In these programs, cos-theta, block-type, common-coil, and canted-cos-theta magnets are explored; first model magnets are under manufacture; limits on conductor stress levels are studied; and a conductor with enhanced characteristics is developed. This paper summarizes and discusses the status, plans, and preliminary results of these programs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8645687
JournalIEEE transactions on applied superconductivity
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019


  • 16 T
  • FCC
  • Nb Sn
  • Superconducting


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