The additional value of an algorithm for atrial fibrillation at the stroke unit

Gerlinde van der Maten*, Gerben J.J. Plas, Matthijs F.L. Meijs, Paul J.A.M. Brouwers, Heleen M. den Hertog, Marjolein Geertruida Johanna Brusse-Keizer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Background and purpose: The rate of newly detected (paroxysmal) atrial fibrillation (AF) during inpatient cardiac telemetry is low. The objective of this study was to evaluate the additional diagnostic yield of an automated detection algorithm for AF on telemetric monitoring compared with routine detection by a stroke unit team in patients with recent ischemic stroke or TIA. Methods: Patients admitted to the stroke unit of Medisch Spectrum Twente with acute ischemic stroke or TIA and no history of AF were prospectively included. All patients had telemetry monitoring, routinely assessed by the stroke unit team. The ST segment and arrhythmia monitoring (ST/AR) algorithm was active, with deactivated AF alarms. After 24 h the detections were analyzed and compared with routine evaluation. Results: Five hundred and seven patients were included (52.5% male, mean age 70.2 ± 12.9 years). Median monitor duration was 24 (interquartile range 22–27) h. In 6 patients (1.2%) routine analysis by the stroke unit team concluded AF. In 24 patients (4.7%), the ST/AR Algorithm suggested AF. Interrater reliability was low (κ, 0.388, p < 0.001). Suggested AF by the algorithm turned out to be false positive in 11 patients. In 13 patients (2.6%) AF was correctly diagnosed by the algorithm. None of the cases detected by routine analysis were missed by the algorithm. Conclusions: Automated AF detection during 24-h telemetry in ischemic stroke patients is of additional value to detect paroxysmal AF compared with routine analysis by the stroke unit team alone. Automated detections need to be carefully evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104930
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume29
Issue number8
Early online date3 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Brain Ischemia
  • Ischemic attack
  • Telemetry
  • Transient
  • Algorithms

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