Background and purpose: The rate of newly detected (paroxysmal) atrial fibrillation (AF) during inpatient cardiac telemetry is low. The objective of this study was to evaluate the additional diagnostic yield of an automated detection algorithm for AF on telemetric monitoring compared with routine detection by a stroke unit team in patients with recent ischemic stroke or TIA. Methods: Patients admitted to the stroke unit of Medisch Spectrum Twente with acute ischemic stroke or TIA and no history of AF were prospectively included. All patients had telemetry monitoring, routinely assessed by the stroke unit team. The ST segment and arrhythmia monitoring (ST/AR) algorithm was active, with deactivated AF alarms. After 24 h the detections were analyzed and compared with routine evaluation. Results: Five hundred and seven patients were included (52.5% male, mean age 70.2 ± 12.9 years). Median monitor duration was 24 (interquartile range 22–27) h. In 6 patients (1.2%) routine analysis by the stroke unit team concluded AF. In 24 patients (4.7%), the ST/AR Algorithm suggested AF. Interrater reliability was low (κ, 0.388, p < 0.001). Suggested AF by the algorithm turned out to be false positive in 11 patients. In 13 patients (2.6%) AF was correctly diagnosed by the algorithm. None of the cases detected by routine analysis were missed by the algorithm. Conclusions: Automated AF detection during 24-h telemetry in ischemic stroke patients is of additional value to detect paroxysmal AF compared with routine analysis by the stroke unit team alone. Automated detections need to be carefully evaluated.
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|Early online date||3 Jun 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2020|
- Atrial fibrillation
- Brain Ischemia
- Ischemic attack