The Behavior Markup Language: Recent Developments and Challenges

Hannes Vilhjálmsson, Nathan Cantelmo, Justine Cassell, Nicholas E. Chafai, Michael Kipp, Stefan Kopp, Maurizio Mancini, Stacy Marsella, Andrew N. Marshall, Catherine Pelachaud, Zsofi Ruttkay, Kristinn R. Thorisson, Herwin van Welbergen, Rick J. van der Werf

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    129 Citations (Scopus)


    Since the beginning of the SAIBA effort to unify key interfaces in the multi-modal behavior generation process, the Behavior Markup Language (BML) has both gained ground as an important component in many projects worldwide, and continues to undergo further refinement. This paper reports on the progress made in the last year in further developing BML. It discusses some of the key challenges identified that the effort is facing, and reviews a number of projects that already are making use of BML or support its use.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationIntelligent Virtual Agents
    Subtitle of host publication7th International Conference, IVA 2007 Paris, France, September 17-19, 2007. Proceedings
    EditorsCatherine Pelachaud, Jean-Claude Martin, Elisabeth Andre, Gerard Collet, Kostas Karpouzis, Danielle Pele
    Place of PublicationBerlin
    Number of pages22
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-540-74997-4
    ISBN (Print)978-3-540-74996-7
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    Event7th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents, IVA 2007 - Paris, France
    Duration: 17 Sep 200719 Sep 2007
    Conference number: 7

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
    ISSN (Print)0302-9743
    ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


    Conference7th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents, IVA 2007
    Abbreviated titleIVA


    • Behavior realizer
    • Communicative intent
    • Conversational agent
    • Behavior planner
    • Embody conversational agent


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