We study liquid drops that are present in a generic geometry, namely the gap in between a sphere and a plane. For the ideal system without contact angle hysteresis, the drop position is solely dependent on the contact angle, drop volume, and sphere/ plane separation distance. Performing a geometric analysis and Surface Evolver calculations, a continuous and fully reversible transition between axisymmetric non-spherical shapes and non-axisymmetric spherical shapes is predicted. We also study these transitions experimentally, varying the contact angle using electrowetting. Then, pinning forces drastically alter the pitchfork bifurcation as the unstable branch gets stabilized, and introduce a history-dependence in the system. As a consequence, the outward movement of drops following pinning can be either continuous or discontinuous, depending on the minimum contact angle that is attained.
|Publication status||Published - 23 Nov 2014|
|Event||67th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, APS-DFD 2014 - San Francisco, United States|
Duration: 23 Nov 2014 → 25 Nov 2014
Conference number: 67
|Conference||67th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, APS-DFD 2014|
|Period||23/11/14 → 25/11/14|
de Ruiter, R., van Gorcum, M., Semprebon, C., Duits, M. H. G., Brinkmann, M., & Mugele, F. G. (2014). The bifurcation diagram of drops in a sphere/plane geometry: influence of contact angle hysteresis. -. Abstract from 67th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, APS-DFD 2014, San Francisco, United States.