The catalytic combustion of natural gas in a membrane reactor with separate feed of reactants

H.W.J.P. Neomagus, G. Saracco, H.F.W. Wessel, H.F.W. Wessel, Geert Versteeg

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    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper provides an experimental and modelling analysis of the performance of a membrane reactor with separate feed of reactants for the combustion of methane. In this reactor concept methane and air streams are fed at opposite sides of a Pt/γ-Al2O3-activated porous membrane which hosts their reaction. The effect of a number of operating parameters (temperature, methane feed concentration, pressure difference applied over the membrane, type and amount of catalyst deposited, time of operation) over the attainable conversion was assessed, while measuring any possible slip of unconverted methane to the air-feed side. The maximum specific heat power load which could be attained with the most active membrane in the absence of methane slip was approximately 15 kW m−2 with virtually no NOx emissions. Such potential might perhaps be exceeded if a properly designed membrane is tailored on purpose. For this sake a model, based on differential heat and mass balances throughout the membrane thickness, proved to be a promising design tool, since it allowed proper accordance with the experimental data with a single fitting parameter (pre-exponential kinetic constant).
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)165-177
    Number of pages12
    JournalChemical Engineering Journal
    Volume2000
    Issue number77
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

    Keywords

    • METIS-106434
    • Catalytic combustion
    • IR-74381
    • Reactants
    • Membrane reactor

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