Purpose: To investigate the clinical utility of molecular breast imaging (MBI) in patients with proven invasive breast cancer scheduled for breast-conserving surgery (BCS). Methods: Following approval by the institutional review board and written informed consent, records of patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer scheduled for BCS who had undergone MBI for local staging in the period from March 2012 till December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Results: A total of 287 women (aged 30–88 years) were evaluated. MBI showed T stage migration in 26 patients (9%), with frequent detection of in situ carcinoma around the tumor. Surgical management was adjusted in 14 of these patients (54%). In 17 of 287 patients (6%), MBI revealed 21 proven additional lesions in the ipsilateral, contralateral breast or both. In 18 of these additional foci (86%), detected in 15 patients, malignancy was found. Thirteen of these 15 patients had ipsilateral cancer and 2 patients bilateral malignancy. In total, MBI revealed a larger tumor extent, additional tumor foci or both in 40 patients (14%), leading to treatment adjustment in 25 patients (9%). Conclusion: MBI seems to be a useful imaging modality with a high predictive value in revealing ipsilateral and bilateral disease not visualized by mammography and ultrasound. It may play an important role in delineating the extent of the index lesion during preoperative planning. Incorporation of MBI in the clinical work-up as an adjunct modality to mammography and ultrasound may lead to better selection of patients who could benefit from BCS.
- Breast-specific gamma imaging
- Molecular breast imaging
- Preoperative breast imaging
- Breast cancer