The Cognitive Status of Older Adults: Do Reduced Time Constraints Enhance Sequence Learning?

Janine Vieweg, Peter Leinen, Willem B. Verwey, Charles H. Shea, Stefan Panzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Research has indicated that older adults perform movement sequences more slowly than young adults. The purpose of the present experiment was to compare movement sequence learning in young and older adults when the time to perform the sequence was extended, and how the elderly’s cognitive status (Montreal Cognitive Assessment [MoCA]) interacted with sequence learning. The task was to minimize the difference between a target sequence pattern and the sequence produced by elbow extension-flexion movements. On Day 1, participants (28 young adults; 28 older adults) practiced the sequence under two time windows: 1300 ms or 2000 ms. On Day 2, retention performance and the cognitive status were assessed. The results demonstrated that young adults performed superior compared to older adults. Additional time to perform the sequence did not improve retention performance for the older adults. The correlation between the error score and the MoCA score of r = –.38 (p <.05) in older adults indicated that a better cognitive status was associated with performance advantages in sequence learning.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of motor behavior
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2019

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Young Adult
Learning
Elbow
Research

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • cognitive status
  • Sequence learning
  • aging

Cite this

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title = "The Cognitive Status of Older Adults: Do Reduced Time Constraints Enhance Sequence Learning?",
abstract = "Research has indicated that older adults perform movement sequences more slowly than young adults. The purpose of the present experiment was to compare movement sequence learning in young and older adults when the time to perform the sequence was extended, and how the elderly’s cognitive status (Montreal Cognitive Assessment [MoCA]) interacted with sequence learning. The task was to minimize the difference between a target sequence pattern and the sequence produced by elbow extension-flexion movements. On Day 1, participants (28 young adults; 28 older adults) practiced the sequence under two time windows: 1300 ms or 2000 ms. On Day 2, retention performance and the cognitive status were assessed. The results demonstrated that young adults performed superior compared to older adults. Additional time to perform the sequence did not improve retention performance for the older adults. The correlation between the error score and the MoCA score of r = –.38 (p <.05) in older adults indicated that a better cognitive status was associated with performance advantages in sequence learning.",
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The Cognitive Status of Older Adults : Do Reduced Time Constraints Enhance Sequence Learning? / Vieweg, Janine; Leinen, Peter; Verwey, Willem B.; Shea, Charles H.; Panzer, Stefan.

In: Journal of motor behavior, 25.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - The Cognitive Status of Older Adults

T2 - Do Reduced Time Constraints Enhance Sequence Learning?

AU - Vieweg, Janine

AU - Leinen, Peter

AU - Verwey, Willem B.

AU - Shea, Charles H.

AU - Panzer, Stefan

N1 - Taylor & Francis deal

PY - 2019/8/25

Y1 - 2019/8/25

N2 - Research has indicated that older adults perform movement sequences more slowly than young adults. The purpose of the present experiment was to compare movement sequence learning in young and older adults when the time to perform the sequence was extended, and how the elderly’s cognitive status (Montreal Cognitive Assessment [MoCA]) interacted with sequence learning. The task was to minimize the difference between a target sequence pattern and the sequence produced by elbow extension-flexion movements. On Day 1, participants (28 young adults; 28 older adults) practiced the sequence under two time windows: 1300 ms or 2000 ms. On Day 2, retention performance and the cognitive status were assessed. The results demonstrated that young adults performed superior compared to older adults. Additional time to perform the sequence did not improve retention performance for the older adults. The correlation between the error score and the MoCA score of r = –.38 (p <.05) in older adults indicated that a better cognitive status was associated with performance advantages in sequence learning.

AB - Research has indicated that older adults perform movement sequences more slowly than young adults. The purpose of the present experiment was to compare movement sequence learning in young and older adults when the time to perform the sequence was extended, and how the elderly’s cognitive status (Montreal Cognitive Assessment [MoCA]) interacted with sequence learning. The task was to minimize the difference between a target sequence pattern and the sequence produced by elbow extension-flexion movements. On Day 1, participants (28 young adults; 28 older adults) practiced the sequence under two time windows: 1300 ms or 2000 ms. On Day 2, retention performance and the cognitive status were assessed. The results demonstrated that young adults performed superior compared to older adults. Additional time to perform the sequence did not improve retention performance for the older adults. The correlation between the error score and the MoCA score of r = –.38 (p <.05) in older adults indicated that a better cognitive status was associated with performance advantages in sequence learning.

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