The Computer Revolution in Science: Steps towards the realization of computer-supported discovery environments

Hidde de Jong, Arie Rip

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    Abstract

    The tools that scientists use in their search processes together form so-called discovery environments. The promise of artificial intelligence and other branches of computer science is to radically transform conventional discovery environments by equipping scientists with a range of powerful computer tools including large-scale, shared knowledge bases and discovery programs. We will describe the future computer-supported discovery environments that may result, and illustrate by means of a realistic scenario how scientists come to new discoveries in these environments. In order to make the step from the current generation of discovery tools to computer-supported discovery environments like the one presented in the scenario, developers should realize that such environments are large-scale sociotechnical systems. They should not just focus on isolated computer programs, but also pay attention to the question how these programs will be used and maintained by scientists in research practices. In order to help developers of discovery programs in achieving the integration of their tools in discovery environments, we will formulate a set of guidelines that developers could follow.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)225-256
    Number of pages32
    JournalArtificial intelligence
    Volume91
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1997

    Keywords

    • METIS-118565
    • IR-18046

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