The core of secondary level quantum education: a multi-stakeholder perspective

Avraham Merzel*, Philipp Bitzenbauer, Kim Krijtenburg-Lewerissa, H.K.E. Stadermann, Erica Andreotti, Daria Antilla, Renaat Frans, Maria Bondani, Marilu Chiofalo, Sergej Faletič, Leon Jurčić, Simon Goorney, Franziska Greinert, Zdenka Koupilová, Massimiliano Malgieri, Rainer Müller, Pasquale Onorato, Gesche Pospiech, Malte Ubben, Andreas WoitzikHenk J. Pol

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Quantum physics (QP) education at the secondary school level is still in its infancy. Not only is there ongoing discussion about how to teach this subject, but there is also a lack of coherence in the selection of concepts to be taught, both across countries and over time. To contribute to this discussion, we investigated the perspectives of high school teachers, university-level physics educators, and physics education researchers regarding the essential concepts in QP and the corresponding illustrations that should be introduced at the secondary school level. We examined the prominence of different key concepts and illustrations, as well as the level of consensus among the various professional groups. Our analysis revealed that certain key concepts are universally valued across all professional groups, while others are specific to particular groups. Additionally, we explored the relationships between these key concepts and their corresponding illustrations. Overall, our study offers valuable insights into the perspectives of different stakeholders, emphasizing the essential concepts and visualizations that should be considered when designing and implementing the teaching of QP at the secondary school level.
Original languageEnglish
Article number27
JournalEPJ Quantum Technology
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2024


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