The development of reactions of the public to warning and emergency situations in France, Greece and The Netherlands

O. Wiegman, Hendrik Boer, Jan M. Gutteling, E. Komilis, B. Cadet

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    This article describes the different reactions to emergency warning messages among residents living within a 3-km radius of a hazardous chemical complex and by people living at least 10 km from an industrial site in France, Greece, and the Netherlands. Belief in warning, primary and secondary appraisal, emotional response, and adherence to normal routine were assessed by conducting face-to-face interviews in which a four-phase scenario simulating a credible industrial accident was presented. The results showed that respondents who did not reside in the neighborhood of the hazardous site were, in general, more inclined to trust the warning messages than respondents who resided in the neighborhood were. With the exception of primary appraisal, the warning phases evoked very distinct reactions in the respondents from all three countries with regard to warning belief, secondary appraisal, emotional response, and adherence to normal routine.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)101-116
    Number of pages17
    JournalThe Journal of social psychology
    Publication statusPublished - 1992


    • METIS-149041

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