The different behaviors of skeletal muscle cells and chondrocytes on PEGT/PBT block copolymers are related to the surface properties of the substrate

Maria Papadaki, Tahir Mahmood, Pavan Gupta, M.B. Claase, Dirk W. Grijpma, J.U. Riesle, Clemens van Blitterswijk, Robert Langer

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Abstract

The attachment, proliferation, morphology, and differentiation of two cell types - skeletal muscle cells and chondrocytes - were investigated on different compositions of poly(ethylene glycol) and poly(butylene terephthalate) segmented block copolymers. Four weight percentages (40, 55, 60, and 70%) and two different molecular weights (300 and 1000 Da) of poly(ethylene glycol) were tested. Varying the weight percentage and molecular weight of poly(ethylene glycol) resulted in different behaviors for skeletal muscle cells and chondrocytes. The attachment of skeletal muscle was the highest (similar to tissue culture polystyrene) when copolymers containing 55 wt % of poly(ethylene glycol) were used, regardless of the poly(ethylene glycol) molecular weight. Maximum proliferation and differentiation of skeletal muscle cells was achieved when copolymers containing 55 wt % and 300 Da molecular weight of poly(ethylene glycol) were used. In contrast, the weight percentage and molecular weight of poly(ethylene glycol) had no significant effect on chondrocyte attachment and proliferation; the attached chondrocytes retained a differentiated phenotype only when a 70 wt % of poly(ethylene glycol) was used. Cell behavior was correlated with the surface properties of the copolymer films, as indicated by contact-angle measurements. These results suggest that an optimized wt % and molecular weight of poly(ethylene glycol) will be useful depending on the specific cell type.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)47-58
JournalJournal of biomedical materials research
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Chondrocytes
  • contact angle
  • cell behavior
  • Poly(ethylene glycol) and poly(butylene terepthalate) block copolymers
  • METIS-204756
  • IR-71823
  • skeletal muscle cells

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