The digital divide as a complex and dynamic phenomenon

Johannes A.G.M. van Dijk, Kenneth Hacker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

511 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to propose a fruitful analytical framework for data supposedly related to the concept of the socalled “digital divide.” The extent and the nature of this divide depend on the kind of access defined. Considering the possession of hardware, growing divides among different categories of income, employment, education, age, and ethnicity can be proved to have existed in the 1980s and 1990s according to official American and Dutch statistics. If only by effects of saturation, these gaps will more or less close. However, it is shown that differential access of skills and usage is likely to increase. The growth of a usage gap is projected. Multivariate analyses of Dutch official statistics reveal the striking effect of age and gender as compared to education. The usage gap is related to the evolution of the information and network society. Finally, policy perspectives are discussed.
LanguageEnglish
Pages315-326
Number of pages12
JournalInformation society
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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digital divide
Education
Statistics
network society
official statistics
information society
possession
hardware
education
ethnicity
statistics
Hardware
income
gender
Digital divide
Official statistics
Ethnic groups
Income

Keywords

  • Information Inequality
  • Information Society
  • Network Society
  • Digital Divide
  • Digital Skills
  • S-curve Of Adoption
  • Usage Gap
  • Usage Of Information Technology
  • Knowledge Gap
  • Policies Of Information Equality
  • METIS-213336
  • IR-58689
  • Access To Information Technology

Cite this

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The digital divide as a complex and dynamic phenomenon. / van Dijk, Johannes A.G.M.; Hacker, Kenneth.

In: Information society, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2003, p. 315-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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