The DIMOND is a building block for communication networks in which throughput is more important than transmission delay. Its main attraction stems from the fact that it allows the routing of messages through a network to be completely distributed over the individual building blocks.
Jansen, P. G., & Kessels, J. L. W. (1980). The DIMOND: A Component for the Modular Construction of Switching Networks. IEEE transactions on computers, 29(10), 884-889. https://doi.org/10.1109/TC.1980.1675471