The dynamics of small inertial particles in weakly stratified turbulence

M. van Aartrijk, H.J.H. Clercx

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    Abstract

    We present an overview of a numerical study on the small-scale dynamics and the large-scale dispersion of small inertial particles in stably stratified turbulence. Three types of particles are examined: fluid particles, light inertial particles (with particle-to-fluid density ratio 1Ͽp/Ͽf25) and heavy inertial particles (Ͽp/Ͽf1). Stratification suppresses the vertical dispersion of all three types of particles compared to isotropic turbulence. The horizontal dispersion, on the other hand, is enhanced. The importance of the hydrodynamic forces, which act on (light) inertial particles and directly affect the small-scale dynamics of the particles, is examined for particles with Ͽp/Ͽf in the range from 1 to 25. These results primarily concern the forces on light particles in homogeneous isotropic turbulence, as at small scales in weakly stratified turbulence isotropy is almost restored. The effect of the presence of a density stratification on the particle dynamics is thus assumed to be almost negligible, which is supported by the similarity of the results from computations of the forces on small inertial particles in homogeneous isotropic turbulence and in weakly stratified turbulence. The inertia of the particles results in a non-uniform particle distribution over the domain. This preferential concentration effect is briefly reviewed here for heavy particles, and it is found that the effect is stronger in isotropic turbulence than in stratified turbulence. It is shown that preferential concentration also occurs for light inertial particles in homogeneous isotropic turbulence.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)103-114
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of hydro-environment research
    Volume4
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

    Keywords

    • Stratified turbulence
    • Preferential concentration
    • EWI-19474
    • IR-75834
    • Direct numerical simulations
    • Single-particle dispersion
    • METIS-277515
    • Inertial particles

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