RATIONALE: Inhaling medication in a standard body posture leads to impaction of particles in the sharp angle of the upper airway. Stretching the upper airway by extending the neck in a forward leaning body posture may improve pulmonary deposition. A single dose of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) offers acute, but moderate protection against exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). This study investigated whether inhaling a single dose of ICS in a forward leaning posture improves this protection against EIB. METHODS: 32 Asthmatic children, 5-16 years, with EIB (Median fall in FEV1 or FEV0.5 30.9%) performed two exercise challenge tests (ECT's) with spirometry in a single blinded cross-over trial design. Children inhaled a single dose of 200 μg beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) 4 h before the ECT, once in the standard posture and once with the neck extended in a forward leaning posture. Spirometry was also performed before the inhalation of the single dose of BDP. RESULTS: Inhalation of BDP in both body postures provided similar protection against EIB (fall in FEV1 or FEV0.1 in standard posture 16.7%; in forward leaning posture 15.1%, p = 0.83). Inhaling ICS in a forward leaning posture significantly delayed EIB compared to inhaling in the standard posture (respectively 2.5 min ± 1.0 min vs. 1.6 min ± 0.8 min; difference 0.9 min (95CI 0.25; 1.44 min); p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Inhalation of a single dose BDP in both the forward leaning posture and the standard posture provided effective and similar protection against EIB in asthmatic children, but the forward leaning posture resulted in a delay of EIB.
Visser, R., Wind, M., de Graaf, B. J., de Jong, F. H., van der Palen, J. A. M., & Thio, B. J. (2015). The effect of body posture during medication inhalation on exercise induced bronchoconstriction in asthmatic children. Respiratory medicine, 109(10), 1257-1261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2015.08.012