The effect of bottom profile dimples on the femoral head on wear in metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty

J. Jamari, Muhammad Imam Ammarullah, Amir Putra Md Saad, Ardiyansyah Syahrom, Mohammad Uddin, Emile van der Heide, Hasan Basri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Wear and wear-induced debris is a significant factor in causing failure in implants. Reducing contact pressure by using a textured surface between the femoral head and acetabular cup is crucial to improving the implant’s life. This study presented the effect of surface texturing as dimples on the wear evolution of total hip arthroplasty. It was implemented by developing finite element analysis from the prediction model without dimples and with bottom profile dimples of flat, drill, and ball types. Simulations were carried out by performing 3D physiological loading of the hip joint under normal walking conditions. A geometry update was initiated based on the patient’s daily routine activities. Our results showed that the addition of dimples reduced contact pressure and wear. The bottom profile dimples of the ball type had the best ability to reduce wear relative to the other types, reducing cumulative linear wear by 24.3% and cumulative volumetric wear by 31% compared to no dimples. The findings demonstrated that surface texturing with appropriate dimple bottom geometry on a bearing surface is able to extend the lifetime of hip implants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number38
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Functional Biomaterials
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Bottom profile
  • Contact pressure
  • Dimple
  • Total hip arthroplasty
  • Wear

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