The effect of human-body shadowing on indoor UWB TOA-based ranging systems

Y. Kilic, Ameenulla J. Ali, Arjan Meijerink, Marinus Jan Bentum, W.G. Scanlon

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)
    16 Downloads (Pure)


    Because of its superior time resolution, ultra-wide bandwidth (UWB) transmission can be a highly accurate technique for ranging in indoor localization systems. Nevertheless, the presence of obstructions may deteriorate the ranging performance of the system. Indoor environments are often densely populated with people. However, th e effect of the human body presence has been scarcely investigated so far within the UWB ranging context. In this work, we investigate this effect by conducting UWB measurements and analyzing the ranging performance of the system. Two measurement campaigns were performed in the 3-5.5 GHz band, in an anechoic chamber and a laboratory environment. The range estimates were obtained by employing the threshold-based first peak detection technique. Analysis results revealed that the human body significantly attenuates the direct-path signal component. On the other hand, in this study it does not introduce a significant range error since the length difference between the diffracted paths around the body and the direct-path is less than the spatial resolution of the measurement setup.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationIEEE 9th Workshop on Positioning Navigation and Communication (WPNC)
    Place of PublicationUSA
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4673-1439-8
    Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2012
    EventIEEE 9th Workshop on Positioning Navigation and Communication, WPNC 2012 - Dresden, Germany
    Duration: 15 Mar 201216 Mar 2012
    Conference number: 9

    Publication series

    PublisherIEEE Antennas & Propagation Society


    ConferenceIEEE 9th Workshop on Positioning Navigation and Communication, WPNC 2012
    Abbreviated titleWPNC


    • METIS-289698
    • IR-81540
    • EWI-22270
    • human-body shadowing
    • indoor localization
    • UWB ranging

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