The Effect of Partial Electrical Insulation of the Tip and Active Needle Length of Monopolar Irreversible Electroporation Electrodes on the Electric Field Line Pattern and Temperature Gradient to Improve Treatment Control

Annemiek M. Hogenes*, Cornelis H. Slump, Gerben A. te Riet o.g. Scholten, Martijn W.J. Stommel, Jurgen J. Fütterer, Rudolf M. Verdaasdonk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Unintentional local temperature effects can occur during irreversible electroporation (IRE) treatment, especially near the electrodes, and most frequently near the tip. Partial electrical insulation of the IRE electrodes could possibly control these temperature effects. This study investigated and visualized the effect of partial electrical insulation applied to the IRE electrodes on the electric field line pattern and temperature gradient. Six designs of (partial) electrical insulation of the electrode tip and/or active needle length (ANL) of the original monopolar 19G IRE electrodes were investigated. A semolina in castor oil model was used to visualize the electric field line pattern in a high-voltage static electric field. An optical method to visualize a change in temperature gradient (color Schlieren) was used to image the temperature development in a polyacrylamide gel. Computational models were used to support the experimental findings. Around the electrode tip, the highest electric field line density and temperature gradient were present. The more insulation was applied to the electrodes, the higher the resistance. Tip and ANL insulation together reduced the active area of and around the electrodes, resulting in a visually enlarged area that showed a change in temperature gradient. Electrically insulating the electrode tip together with an adjustment in IRE parameter settings could potentially reduce the uncontrollable influence of the tip and may improve the predictability of the current pathway development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4280
JournalCancers
Volume15
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • electric field line pattern
  • electrical insulation
  • electrode
  • irreversible electroporation
  • phantom model
  • temperature gradient
  • thermal effects

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