A highly interconnecting and accessible pore network has been suggested as one of a number of prerequisites in the design of scaffolds for tissue engineering. In the present study, two processing techniques, compression-molding/particulate-leaching (CM), and 3D fiber deposition (3DF), were used to develop porous scaffolds from biodegradable poly(ethylene glycol)-terephthalate/poly(butylene terephthalate) (PEGT/PBT) co-polymers with varying pore architectures. Three-dimensional micro-computed tomography (μCT) was used to characterize scaffold architectures and scaffolds were seeded with articular chondrocytes to evaluate tissue formation. Scaffold porosity ranged between 75% and 80%. Average pore size of tortuous CM scaffolds (182 μm) was lower than those of organized 3DF scaffolds (525 μm). The weight ratio of glycosaminoglycans (GAG)/DNA, as a measure of cartilage-like tissue formation, did not change after 14 days of culture whereas, following subcutaneous implantation, GAG/DNA increased significantly and was significantly higher in 3DF constructs than in CM constructs, whilst collagen type II was present within both constructs. In conclusion, 3DF PEGT/PBT scaffolds create an environment in vivo that enhances cartilaginous matrix deposition and hold particular promise for treatment of articular cartilage defects.
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
- In vitro
- In vivo
- Cell culture
- Cartilage tissue engineering