The effect of phase inversion during semibatch aromatic nitrations

J.M. Zaldivar, J.M. Zaldivar, M.A. Alos, E.J. Molga, H. Hernandez, F. Hernandez sanchez, K.R. Westerterp

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    Abstract

    The effect of phase inversion during semibatch aromatic nitrations is experimentally characterized and analysed. The influence of various parameters, i.e. interfacial area, effective heat-transfer coefficient and overall mass-transfer coefficient, is studied. The implications for optimizing nitrations are discussed from performance and safety points of view. The accumulation of unreacted nitric acid can be dangerous if accompanied by a phase inversion, owing to the fact that the rate may increase suddenly.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)529-542
    Number of pages14
    JournalChemical engineering and processing : process intensification
    Volume34
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

    Keywords

    • METIS-105878
    • IR-10868

    Cite this

    Zaldivar, J. M., Zaldivar, J. M., Alos, M. A., Molga, E. J., Hernandez, H., Hernandez sanchez, F., & Westerterp, K. R. (1995). The effect of phase inversion during semibatch aromatic nitrations. Chemical engineering and processing : process intensification, 34(6), 529-542. https://doi.org/10.1016/0255-2701(95)04110-9