The effect of see-through truck on driver monitoring patterns and responses to critical events in truck platooning

Bo Zhang*, Ellen S. Wilschut, Dehlia M.C. Willemsen, Tom Alkim, Marieke H. Martens

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Automated platooning of trucks has its beneficial effects on energy saving and traffic flow efficiency. The vehicles in a platoon, however, need to maintain an extremely short headway to achieve these goals, which will result in a heavily blocked front view for the driver in a following truck. Monitoring surrounding traffic environment and foreseeing upcoming hazardous situations becomes a difficult, yet safety-critical task. This exploratory study aims to investigate whether providing platoon drivers with additional visual information of the traffic environment can influence their monitoring pattern and increase awareness of the upcoming situation. 22 professional truck drivers participated in the driving simulator experiment, either following a see-through lead truck (i.e., with projection of forward scene attached to the rear of the lead truck), or a normal lead truck until the automation system failed unexpectedly in a critical situation. Results showed that when provided with front view projection, the participants spent 10% more time monitoring the road, and responded less severely to a critical situation, suggesting a positive effect of the “see-through” technology.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAdvances in Human Aspects of Transportation
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, July 17-21, 2017, The Westin Bonaventura Hotel, Los Angeles, California, USA
    EditorsNeville A. Stanton
    PublisherSpringer
    Pages842-852
    Number of pages11
    ISBN (Print)978-3-319-60440-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018
    Event8th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2017) - Westin Bonaventura Hotel, Los Angeles, United States
    Duration: 17 Jul 201721 Jul 2017
    Conference number: 8

    Publication series

    NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
    Volume597
    ISSN (Print)21945357

    Conference

    Conference8th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2017)
    Abbreviated titleAHFE 2017
    CountryUnited States
    CityLos Angeles
    Period17/07/1721/07/17

    Fingerprint

    Trucks
    Monitoring
    Lead
    Truck drivers
    Energy conservation
    Automation
    Simulators
    Experiments

    Keywords

    • Automated driving
    • Eye tracking
    • Human machine interaction
    • Response time
    • Takeover
    • Truck platooning

    Cite this

    Zhang, B., Wilschut, E. S., Willemsen, D. M. C., Alkim, T., & Martens, M. H. (2018). The effect of see-through truck on driver monitoring patterns and responses to critical events in truck platooning. In N. A. Stanton (Ed.), Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation: Proceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, July 17-21, 2017, The Westin Bonaventura Hotel, Los Angeles, California, USA (pp. 842-852). (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Vol. 597). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60441-1_81
    Zhang, Bo ; Wilschut, Ellen S. ; Willemsen, Dehlia M.C. ; Alkim, Tom ; Martens, Marieke H. / The effect of see-through truck on driver monitoring patterns and responses to critical events in truck platooning. Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation: Proceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, July 17-21, 2017, The Westin Bonaventura Hotel, Los Angeles, California, USA. editor / Neville A. Stanton. Springer, 2018. pp. 842-852 (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing).
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    abstract = "Automated platooning of trucks has its beneficial effects on energy saving and traffic flow efficiency. The vehicles in a platoon, however, need to maintain an extremely short headway to achieve these goals, which will result in a heavily blocked front view for the driver in a following truck. Monitoring surrounding traffic environment and foreseeing upcoming hazardous situations becomes a difficult, yet safety-critical task. This exploratory study aims to investigate whether providing platoon drivers with additional visual information of the traffic environment can influence their monitoring pattern and increase awareness of the upcoming situation. 22 professional truck drivers participated in the driving simulator experiment, either following a see-through lead truck (i.e., with projection of forward scene attached to the rear of the lead truck), or a normal lead truck until the automation system failed unexpectedly in a critical situation. Results showed that when provided with front view projection, the participants spent 10{\%} more time monitoring the road, and responded less severely to a critical situation, suggesting a positive effect of the “see-through” technology.",
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    author = "Bo Zhang and Wilschut, {Ellen S.} and Willemsen, {Dehlia M.C.} and Tom Alkim and Martens, {Marieke H.}",
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    Zhang, B, Wilschut, ES, Willemsen, DMC, Alkim, T & Martens, MH 2018, The effect of see-through truck on driver monitoring patterns and responses to critical events in truck platooning. in NA Stanton (ed.), Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation: Proceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, July 17-21, 2017, The Westin Bonaventura Hotel, Los Angeles, California, USA. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 597, Springer, pp. 842-852, 8th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2017), Los Angeles, United States, 17/07/17. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60441-1_81

    The effect of see-through truck on driver monitoring patterns and responses to critical events in truck platooning. / Zhang, Bo; Wilschut, Ellen S.; Willemsen, Dehlia M.C.; Alkim, Tom; Martens, Marieke H.

    Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation: Proceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, July 17-21, 2017, The Westin Bonaventura Hotel, Los Angeles, California, USA. ed. / Neville A. Stanton. Springer, 2018. p. 842-852 (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Vol. 597).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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    AU - Alkim, Tom

    AU - Martens, Marieke H.

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    AB - Automated platooning of trucks has its beneficial effects on energy saving and traffic flow efficiency. The vehicles in a platoon, however, need to maintain an extremely short headway to achieve these goals, which will result in a heavily blocked front view for the driver in a following truck. Monitoring surrounding traffic environment and foreseeing upcoming hazardous situations becomes a difficult, yet safety-critical task. This exploratory study aims to investigate whether providing platoon drivers with additional visual information of the traffic environment can influence their monitoring pattern and increase awareness of the upcoming situation. 22 professional truck drivers participated in the driving simulator experiment, either following a see-through lead truck (i.e., with projection of forward scene attached to the rear of the lead truck), or a normal lead truck until the automation system failed unexpectedly in a critical situation. Results showed that when provided with front view projection, the participants spent 10% more time monitoring the road, and responded less severely to a critical situation, suggesting a positive effect of the “see-through” technology.

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    Zhang B, Wilschut ES, Willemsen DMC, Alkim T, Martens MH. The effect of see-through truck on driver monitoring patterns and responses to critical events in truck platooning. In Stanton NA, editor, Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation: Proceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, July 17-21, 2017, The Westin Bonaventura Hotel, Los Angeles, California, USA. Springer. 2018. p. 842-852. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60441-1_81