The Effect of Ta and Ti Additions on the Strain Sensitivity of Bulk Niobium-Tin

M.G.T. Mentink, Marc M.J. Dhalle, D.R. Dietderich, A. Godeke, W. Goldacker, F. Hellman, Herman H.J. ten Kate, M.D. Sumption, M.A. Susner

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The effect of tantalum and titanium additions on the composition, the superconducting properties, and their sensitivity to strain of bulk Nb3Sn is investigated. Using heat capacity analysis and Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDX), it is found that the binary Nb3Sn bulk and Nb3Sn bulk with added titanium and tantalum consist of stoichiometric Nb3Sn and niobium(-oxide). Furthermore, it is found that the niobium-to-tin ratio decreases in the presence of tantalum and increases in the presence of titanium, which suggests that tantalum is replacing niobium and titanium is replacing tin in the A15 crystal structure. Using a 10% resistivity criterion, it is observed that the critical magnetic field of unstrained binary bulk is 26.7 T, while the presence of tantalum and titanium raises the critical magnetic field to 29.3 and 30.1 T, respectively. The curves of normalized critical magnetic field as function of strain of all three samples nearly overlap, a strong indication that the variation in strain sensitivity observed in wires is not caused by the titanium and tantalum additions. Understanding the effect of additions on the composition, superconducting properties, and strain sensitivity of Nb3Sn is important for optimizing Nb3Sn conductor technology
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)491-496
JournalPhysics procedia
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • METIS-311752
  • IR-97211

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