The aim of the current in vitro study was to investigate if tissue surface modification with collagenase and addition of the TGF-β3 can increase the number of cells present in meniscus tears repaired with the use of newly developed tissue adhesives based on isocyanate-terminated block copolymers. Cylindrical explants were harvested from the inner part of bovine menisci. To simulate a full-thickness tear, the central core of the explants was removed and glued back into the defect, with or without incubation in collagenase solution prior to gluing. The repair constructs were then cultured with or without addition of TGF-β3, and assessed for their histological appearance. The histological staining of the constructs confirmed that both developed adhesives were not cytotoxic. After 28 days, meniscus cells were present in direct contact with the glues. The addition of TGF-β3 to the culture medium resulted in the presence of cells that formed a sheath inside the simulated tear and in increased cell numbers at the edges of annulus of the explants. In the group in which the tissue was incubated in collagenase and cultured in medium containing TGF-β3, thicker layers of cells were observed. These results suggest that repairing the torn meniscus with tissue adhesives after pre-treatment of the tissue with collagenase and stimulation with TGF-β3 is a very promising treatment method, especially when treating the inner avascular part of the meniscus. Nevertheless, longer-term in vitro and in vivo studies are needed to confirm the beneficial effects of this combination therapy.
|Journal||Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|