The effectiveness of a web-based Dutch parenting program to prevent overweight in children 9–13 years of age: Results of a two-armed cluster randomized controlled trial

Emilie L.M. Ruiter*, Gerard R.M. Molleman, Marloes Kleinjan, Jannis T. Kraiss, Peter M. ten Klooster, Koos van der Velden, Rutger C.M.E. Engels, Gerdine A.J. Fransen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduction Although parental support is an important component in programs designed to prevent overweight in children, current programs pay remarkably little attention to the role of parenting. We therefore developed a web-based parenting program entitled “Making a healthy deal with your child”. This e-learning program can be incorporated into existing overweight prevention programs. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of this e-learning program. Materials and methods The effectiveness was examined in a two-armed cluster randomized controlled trial. The participants were 475 parent-child dyads of children 9–13 years of age in the Netherlands who participated in an existing schoolclass-based overweight prevention program. At the school grade level, parents were randomly assigned to either the intervention or the control condition. Measurements were taken from both parents and children at baseline, and 5 and 12 months after baseline. Primary outcomes included the child’s dietary and sedentary behavior, and level of physical activity. Secondary outcomes included general parenting style, specific parenting practices, and parental self-efficacy. Linear mixed effects models and generalized linear mixed effects models were conducted in R. Results Intention-to-treat analyses and completers only revealed no significant effects between the intervention and control condition on energy balance-related behaviors of the child and parenting skills after correction for multiple testing. The parents’ mean satisfaction with the e-learning program (on a 10-point scale) was 7.0±1.1. Conclusions Although parents were generally satisfied with the parenting program, following this program had no significant beneficial effects regarding the children’s energy balance-related behaviors or the parenting skills compared to the control condition. This program may be more beneficial if used by high-risk groups (e.g. parents of children with unhealthy energy balance-related behaviors and/or with overweight) compared to the general population, warranting further study.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0276168
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The effectiveness of a web-based Dutch parenting program to prevent overweight in children 9–13 years of age: Results of a two-armed cluster randomized controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this